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During most of the post-World War II period, American men have been leaving the labor force at earlier and earlier ages. Evidence suggests that this trend has been under way for more than a century. However, in the mid-1980s, this trend came to an abrupt halt. Male labor force participation rates have been flat since 1985, and have actually increased over(More)
PURPOSE This article investigates how older Americans leave their career jobs and estimates the extent of intermediate labor force activity (bridge jobs) between full-time work on a career job and complete labor-force withdrawal. DESIGN AND METHODS Using data from the Health and Retirement Study, we explored the work histories and retirement patterns of a(More)
The trend toward earlier and earlier retirement was one of the most important labor market developments of the twentieth century. It was evident in all the major industrialized countries. In the United States, however, the trend toward earlier retirement came to at least a temporary halt in the mid-1980s. Male participation rates at older ages have(More)
Self-employed persons work in a less constrained environment than do most wage-and-salary employees. Generally they are not subject to compulsory retirement nor are they affected by institutional rules concerning labor supply. Data from the 1969 and 1971 interviews of the Retirement History Study show that the labor supply and retirement patterns of the(More)
We used the first wave of the new Health and Retirement Study (HRS) to document the importance of transitional stages--bridge jobs--between career employment and complete labor force withdrawal in the early 1990s. We describe the labor force status of a sample of about 9,500 older Americans with some work experience after age 49, and the transition patterns(More)