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BACKGROUND Little is known about the effect of sex on age-related changes in brain structure. METHODS Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging of the brain was performed in 330 elderly (age range, 66-96 years) volunteers living independently in the community, all of whom were participants in the Cardiovascular Health Study. Blinded measurements of global(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relations between education and age-related changes in brain structure in a nonclinical sample of elderly adults. BACKGROUND Education may protect against cognitive decline in late life--an observation that has led to the "reserve" hypothesis of brain aging. Little is known, however, about the effect of education on age-related(More)
To measure the anticonvulsant effects of a course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), we used a flexible stimulus dosage titration procedure to estimate seizure threshold at the first and sixth ECT treatments in 62 patients with depression who were undergoing a course of brief pulse, constant current ECT given at moderately suprathreshold stimulus(More)
We measured initial seizure threshold by means of a structured stimulus dosage titration procedure in a clinical sample of 111 depressed patients undergoing brief-pulse, constant-current electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Initial seizure threshold was approximately 60 millicoumbs (mc) (10 Joules) on average, but varied widely (6-fold) across patients. Initial(More)
A retrospective analysis of 118 trauma patients who underwent tracheostomy for airway and pulmonary management was undertaken. Timing of the procedure was defined as early (0-3 days), intermediate (4-7 days), and late (> 7 days). Head injury patients received tracheostomy early (p < 0.00003). Aspiration evaluated by modified bedside aspiration test was a(More)
CONTEXT Telemedicine technology, which can enable intensivists to simultaneously monitor several intensive care units (ICUs) from an off-site location, is increasingly common, but there is little evidence to support its use. OBJECTIVE To assess the association of remote monitoring of ICU patients (ICU telemedicine [tele-ICU]) with mortality,(More)
Fifty-eight lower limb salvage attempts over a 10-year period were retrospectively scored using the Mangled Extremity Syndrome Index (MESI), Mangled Extremity Severity Score (MESS), Predictive Salvage Index (PSI), and the Limb Salvage Index (LSI). Primary amputations were excluded. Limb salvage failure was defined at four levels, including functional(More)
To evaluate the impact cirrhosis has on survival the records of 40 cirrhotic trauma victims from the registries of two Level 1 trauma centers were reviewed and probability of survival calculated using the TRISS methodology. Mechanism of injury, anatomic location, involvement of single or multiple sites, presence of ascites, elevations in serum glutamic(More)
BACKGROUND Technical hurdles limit the characterization of key hormonal rhythms. Frequent sampling increases detection of changes in magnitude or circadian and ultradian patterns, but limits feasibility for clinical or research settings. These caveats are particularly pertinent for cortisol, a hormone that displays a prominent circadian rhythm and whose(More)
Addressing quality of life (QOL) issues in the spinal cord injured (SCI) population is imperative as the majority survive their initial injury and longevity now approaches that of the general population. The purpose of this mixed method, descriptive, longitudinal feasibility study was to describe and compare QOL in 10 adult SCI individuals and their family(More)