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A brain-computer interface (BCI) can provide a non-muscular communication channel to severely disabled people. One particular realization of a BCI is the P300 matrix speller that was originally described by Farwell and Donchin (1988). This speller uses event-related potentials (ERPs) that include the P300 ERP. All previous online studies of the P300 matrix(More)
Functional mapping of eloquent cortex is often necessary prior to invasive brain surgery, but current techniques that derive this mapping have important limitations. In this article, we demonstrate the first comprehensive evaluation of a rapid, robust, and practical mapping system that uses passive recordings of electrocorticographic signals. This mapping(More)
Phosphorus magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy allows noninvasive measurement of phosphate-containing compounds and pH within brain cells. The authors obtained localized phosphorus MR spectra from 10 normal brains, four low-grade astrocytomas, six glioblastomas, four meningiomas, and three pituitary adenomas and found differences in the spectra of each(More)
The rationale and methodology for using computer-controlled forced-choice psychophysical methods to assess short-term recognition memory in human subjects are presented. Here, we use non-verbal computer-synthesized auditory and visual stimuli with an adaptive psychophysical procedure. Sequence-length thresholds (SLTs, span lengths) for randomly generated(More)
Reports of congenital anaplastic astrocytoma have been rare, representing less than 2% of all brain tumors. We present a case of a congenital anaplastic astrocytoma discovered during the first 24 hours after delivery. A recent literature review found 12 additional cases since 1972. The presenting signs, most common findings on neuroimaging, treatment, and(More)
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