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There has been controversy recently about the validity of the data-analysis of the self-displacement technique for estimation of specific radioactivity. This paper investigates the technique theoretically and provides practical corroboration of the results.
OBJECTIVE Previous work has suggested that hyperamylasemia in patients who undergo operation for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is associated with poor outcome. The aims of this study were to determine, for the first time, the source of serum amylase in such patients and to examine the prognostic significance of amylase isoenzyme expression. … (More)
Measurement of plasma renin activities in four separate quality control pools showed no change when measured by radioimmunoassay after being individually stored at -20 degrees C for up to fifteen months, validating their use as long-term quality controls. These results contradict those reported by some authors.
We examined the prognostic value of early serum CA125 assay in 58 patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer together with residual disease, age, tumour grade, performance status, and the presence of ascites or adhesions at primary surgery. CA125 was a highly significant predictor of both progression free and overall survival after the first cycle and… (More)
Reviewing the literature it would appear that tumor markers have often flattered to deceive. Early promise does not often seem to be borne out in extended trials. Despite apparently high specificity, very few markers are capable of assisting in a screening process. This brief review attempts to put the roles of tumor markers in perspective and explain how… (More)
Forty-one patients with mild essential hypertension, 36 patients with severe hypertension, and 28 normotensive subjects were studied on a high sodium intake of 350 mmol/day for five days and low sodium intake of 10 mmol/day for five days. The fall in mean arterial pressure on changing from the high-sodium to the low-sodium diet was 0.7 +/- 1.7 mm Hg in… (More)
A cytochemical technique that measures the ability of plasma to stimulate guinea-pig renal glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity in vitro, which is a marker of its ability to inhibit Na+-K+-adenosine-triphosphatase (Na+-K+-ATPase), was used in 19 patients with essential hypertension and 23 normotensive, healthy subjects. The ability of plasma to… (More)
Captopril, a specific oral inhibitor of angiotensin-converting enzyme, was given to 18 unselected patients with moderate essential hypertension. Mean blood pressure fell by 14.5% at the maximum dose given, and this fall was significantly correlated with the initial plasma renin activity. The main fall in blood pressure occurred two hours after the first… (More)
Twenty-four patients with moderate to severe hypertension were treated for four weeks with captopril, an oral inhibitor of angiotensin-converting enzyme. The fall in blood pressure with captopril alone correlated with pretreatment plasma renin activity. The effect of adding either hydrochlorothiazide or propranolol to the captopril treatment was then… (More)