Joseph E. Oesterling

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OBJECTIVE To combine the clinical data from 3 academic institutions that serve as centers of excellence for the surgical treatment of clinically localized prostate cancer and develop a multi-institutional model combining serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, clinical stage, and Gleason score to predict pathological stage for men with clinically(More)
OBJECTIVE To define the characteristics of serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in a population of healthy men without clinically evident prostate cancer, but who are at risk for developing the malignancy. The influence of patient age and prostatic size on the serum PSA concentration was assessed in order to use PSA more appropriately to detect clinically(More)
PSA is a kallikrein-like, serine protease that is produced exclusively by the epithelial cells of all types of prostatic tissue, benign and malignant. Physiologically, it is present in the seminal fluid at high concentration and functions to cleave the high molecular weight protein responsible for the seminal coagulum into smaller polypeptides. This action(More)
PURPOSE Many advances have occurred during the last decade in the clinical use of prostate specific antigen (PSA) for detecting, staging and monitoring prostate cancer. We review the clinical usefulness and limitations of serum PSA as a tumor marker of prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS The English language literature was reviewed with respect to the(More)
To establish the age-specific prevalence of urinary symptoms among a community-based cohort of men, a randomly selected sample of men were screened and invited to participate in a longitudinal survey of urinary symptoms. The population of Olmsted County, Minnesota, as enumerated by the Rochester Epidemiology Project, formed the sampling base for this study.(More)
To provide information about long-term outcome after radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostatic cancer (stage T2c or lower), we undertook a retrospective analysis of 3,170 consecutive patients (mean age 65.3 +/- 6.4 years, range 31 to 81) with a mean followup of 5 years. Complication rates for patients who underwent prostatectomy before 1988(More)
Presently, the standard staging evaluation of prostate cancer includes digital rectal examination, measurement of serum tumor markers and a radionuclide bone scan. To evaluate the ability of local clinical stage, tumor grade, serum acid phosphatase, serum prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP) and serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) to predict bone scan(More)
PURPOSE The American Urological Association convened the Prostate Cancer Clinical Guidelines Panel to analyze the literature regarding available methods for treating locally confined prostate cancer, and to make practice policy recommendations based on the treatment outcomes data insofar as the data permit. MATERIALS AND METHODS The panel searched the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the need for obtaining radionuclide bone scans in the staging evaluation of patients with newly diagnosed, untreated prostate cancer. This determination was made on the basis of presenting prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. DESIGN Retrospective review. PARTICIPANTS The medical records of 2064 consecutive patients with prostate(More)