Joseph E Levasseur

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The responses of cerebral precapillary vessels to changes in arterial blood pressure were studied in anesthetized cats equipped with cranial windows for the direct observation of the pial microcirculation of the parietal cortex. Vessel responses were found to be size dependent. Between mean arterial pressures of 110 and 160 mmHg autoregulatory adjustments(More)
Spartina anglica is a classical example of recent alloploid speciation. It arose during the end of the nineteenth century in England by hybridization between the indigenous Spartina maritima and the introduced East-American Spartina alterniflora. Duplication of the hybrid genome (Spartina x townsendii) gave rise to a vigorous allopolyploid involved in(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) triggers a complex pathophysiological cascade, leading to cell death. A major factor in the pathogenesis of TBI is neuronal overloading with calcium, causing the opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pores (MPTP), which consequently inhibit normal mitochondrial function. The immunosuppressant Cyclosporin A (CsA) has(More)
OBJECT In the current study, the authors examined the effects of hyperbaric O2 (HBO) following fluid-percussion brain injury and its implications on brain tissue oxygenation (PO2) and O2 consumption (VO2) and mitochondrial function (redox potential). METHODS Cerebral tissue PO2 was measured following induction of a lateral fluid-percussion brain injury in(More)
We evaluated the effect of general anesthesia induced by 45 mg/kg iv pentobarbital sodium or by 75 mg/kg iv alpha-chloralose plus 500 mg/kg iv urethan on the response of cerebral arterioles to hypercapnia in rabbits equipped with chronically implanted cranial windows for the observation of the cerebral microcirculation. Both types of anesthetic induced(More)
The objective of this study was to examine if the opening of ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels play an important role in ischemic preconditioning (PC) in the rat heart. A second goal was to test the role of acetylcholine (ACh) in mimicking PC and test if it could be blocked by KATP antagonist. Glibenclamide, a specific antagonist of the KATP channel, was(More)
OBJECTIVE Failure of energy metabolism after traumatic brain injury may be a major factor limiting outcome. Although glucose is the primary metabolic substrate in the healthy brain, the well documented surge in tissue lactate after traumatic brain injury suggests that lactate may provide an energy need that cannot be met by glucose. We hypothesized,(More)
Heat shock (HS) results in the expression of heat shock proteins (hsp) and confers tolerance against subsequent ischemic injury. We examined the extent of myocardial protection in vivo, and determined the level of hsp expression induced by HS as a function of time. Anesthetized rats were subjected to HS by raising core temperature to 42 degrees C for 15 min(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently, evidence has become available implicating mitochondrial failure as a crucial factor in the pathogenesis of acute brain damage following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, it remains unclear how mitochondrial dysfunction affects cerebral metabolism. Therefore the aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of 'isolated'(More)
Chronic systemic hypoxia (SH) enhances myocardial ischemic tolerance in mammals. We studied the delayed cardioprotection caused by acute SH and associated signaling mechanism. Conscious adult male mice were exposed to one or two cycles of hypoxia (H; 10% O(2)) or normoxia (21% O(2)) for various durations (30 min, 2 h, 4 h) followed by 24 h of reoxygenation.(More)