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BACKGROUND In previous studies, it has been shown that intravenous lactate therapy can improve brain neurochemistry, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) generation and outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats. In this study, we examined: (1) four L-lactate concentrations to determine the optimal therapeutic dose post TBI in terms of cognitive function;(More)
Changes in the redox level of cytochrome a and in the amount of oxygenated hemoglobin were measured by dual wavelength reflectance spectrophotometry in the intact cerebral cortex of cats (cerveau isolé preparation) and in unanesthetized rabbits with chronically implanted cranial windows. Increases in inspired oxygen were accompanied by an increase in the(More)
OBJECT In the current study, the authors examined the effects of hyperbaric O2 (HBO) following fluid-percussion brain injury and its implications on brain tissue oxygenation (PO2) and O2 consumption (VO2) and mitochondrial function (redox potential). METHODS Cerebral tissue PO2 was measured following induction of a lateral fluid-percussion brain injury in(More)
OBJECT Hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) has been shown to improve outcome after severe traumatic brain injury, but its underlying mechanisms are unknown. Following lateral fluid-percussion injury (FPI), the authors tested the effects of HBO2 treatment as well as enhanced normobaric oxygenation on mitochondrial function, as measured by both cognitive recovery and(More)
OBJECTIVE Failure of energy metabolism after traumatic brain injury may be a major factor limiting outcome. Although glucose is the primary metabolic substrate in the healthy brain, the well documented surge in tissue lactate after traumatic brain injury suggests that lactate may provide an energy need that cannot be met by glucose. We hypothesized,(More)
The frequent occurrence of acute death from pulmonary failure in experimental head injury studies on Sprague-Dawley rats prompted an investigation into the manner in which acute neurogenic pulmonary edema develops in these animals as a result of an applied fluid pressure pulse to the cerebral hemispheres. Studies were performed in adult animals using(More)
Hyperventilation reduces intracranial pressure (ICP) acutely through vasoconstriction, but its long-term effect on vessel diameter is unknown. In seven rabbits with a cranial window implanted 3 weeks earlier, the effect of prolonged hyperventilation on vessel diameter was studied. Anesthesia was maintained for 54 hours with a pentobarbital drip (1(More)
OBJECTIVE Recently, evidence has become available implicating mitochondrial failure as a crucial factor in the pathogenesis of acute brain damage following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). However, it remains unclear how mitochondrial dysfunction affects cerebral metabolism. Therefore the aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of 'isolated'(More)
The oxygen consumption (VO2 microL/h/mg) of sham and of traumatized rat brains within 30 min and 6 h after a lateral fluid percussion injury (FPI) was measured with the Cartesian microrespirometer. Brain slices were cut at the plain of injury and site-specific 20-60-microg cores of tissue were transferred to the microrespirometer. In sham brains, the(More)
The present study directly compares the effects of experimental brain injury in two commonly used rat strains: Fisher 344 and Sprague-Dawley. We previously found that Fisher rats have a higher mortality rate and more frequent seizure attacks at the same injury level than Sprague-Dawley rats. Although strain differences in rats are commonly accepted as(More)