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Cells transformed by Harvey or Moloney sarcoma virus secrete at least 40 times as much type beta transforming growth factor as their respective untransformed control cells. The transformed cells bind only 20 to 50% as much type beta transforming growth factor as the control cells, suggesting that transformation causes down-regulation of the type beta(More)
Previously, we have shown that a strong correlation exists between the metastatic potential of breast carcinoma cell lines and their ectopic expression of IL-8. The undifferentiated, highly metastatic cell lines with high metastatic potential produce much more IL-8 than their differentiated lower metastatic counterparts. After eliminating the possibility(More)
Transforming growth factors (TGFs) were purified from serum-free medium conditioned by retrovirus-transformed Fisher rat embryo fibroblasts, mouse 3T3 cells, and two human melanoma cell lines. The purification of each TGF was monitored in a radioreceptor assay based on receptor crossreactivity with mouse submaxillary gland epidermal growth factor (mEGF) and(More)
Murine sarcoma virus-transformed mouse fibroblasts produce polypeptide growth factors and release them into serum-free medium. These factors stimulate cells to divide in monolayer cultures and also to form colonies that grow progressively soft agar. Three major peaks of activity are seen, with apparent molecular weights of 25,000, 12,000, and 7000. The(More)
Fibroblastic and epithelioid clones have been isolated from the normal rat kidney line, NRK. These clones were studied for their ability to bind epidermal growth factor (EGF), susceptibility to transformation by mouse sarcoma virus (MSV), and alteration in EGF binding upon sarcoma virus transformation. The epithelioid clones bound much more EGF than the(More)
This study shows a strong correlation between the metastatic potentials of breast carcinoma cell lines and their ectopic expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8). Correlations exist for both constitutive and induced levels of IL-8 released. A correlation was also observed between cell morphology, metastatic potential, and IL-8 profile. Metastatic lines are(More)
TPA (12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate) reversibly inhibits the binding of (125)I-labelled epidermal growth factor (EGF) to treated mouse and human cells, but does not affect the binding of various other ligands to their membrane receptors. It alters the affinity of the receptors for EGF without changing the total number of available receptors per cell.(More)
In the last decade, several groups have shown a direct correlation between the inappropriate or ectopic release of interleukin (IL)-8 by tumor cells in vitro and their growth and metastatic potential using in vivo models of tumor growth. IL-8 is a potent neutrophil chemoattractant. Neutrophils, as "early responders" to wounds and infections, release enzymes(More)
Recent work has shown that chemically modified tetracyclines (CMTs) are potent inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity, both in vitro and in vivo, which is distinct from their antimicrobial activities (Golub et al. Crit Rev Oral Biol Med, 2, 297-321, 1991; Ryan et al. Curr Opin Rheumatol, 8, 23847, 1996). The process of tumor cell invasion(More)
Sarcoma growth factor (SGF) derived from conditioned medium of Moloney sarcoma virus-transformed cells and partially purified by gel filtration (crude SGF) has been characterized by its ability both to compete with epidermal growth factor (EGF) for binding to membrane receptors and to induce anchorage-independent growth of untransformed cells. We now show(More)