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The results of conventional hip replacement in young patients with osteoarthritis have not been encouraging even with improvements in the techniques of fixation and in the bearing surfaces. Modern metal-on-metal hip resurfacing was introduced as a less invasive method of joint reconstruction for this particular group. This is a series of 446 hip(More)
The dysplasia cup, which was devised as an adjunct to the Birmingham Hip Resurfacing system, has a hydroxyapatite-coated porous surface and two supplementary neutralisation screws to provide stable primary fixation, permit early weight-bearing, and allow incorporation of morcellised autograft without the need for structural bone grafting. A total of 110(More)
Hip resurfacing is not a modern concept. Professor Sir John Charnley attempted the first hip resurfacing procedure in the 1950s. This implant failed as a result of unsatisfactory materials and the same problem has troubled hip resurfacing developments over the subsequent forty years. Modern hip resurfacing using metal-on-metal bearings has shown good(More)
Pseudotumors are a rare but important complication occurring with all types of hip replacements.The true prevalence of pseudotumors is debated.Potential causes of pseudotumors may include foreign-body reaction, hypersensitivity, and wear debris.The conduct of clinical trials on the incidence, causes, and treatments of pseudotumors has been inadequate as few(More)
We report a 12- to 15-year implant survival assessment of a prospective single-surgeon series of Birmingham Hip Resurfacings (BHRs). The earliest 1000 consecutive BHRs including 288 women (335 hips) and 598 men (665 hips) of all ages and diagnoses with no exclusions were prospectively followed-up with postal questionnaires, of whom the first 402 BHRs (350(More)
Metal-on-metal bearings are being increasingly used in young patients. The potential adverse effects of systemic metal ion elevation are the subject of ongoing investigation. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether cobalt and chromium ions cross the placenta of pregnant women with a metal-on-metal hip resurfacing and reach the developing fetus.(More)
The best indication for hip resurfacing is a young active patient with severe hip arthritis, good hip morphology and reasonable bone quality. With revision of either component for any reason as the endpoint, there were 68 revisions in our series of 3,095 consecutive Birmingham Hip Resurfacings (BHR) (1997-2009), including all diagnoses in all ages. This(More)
The recent resurgence in the use of metal-on-metal bearings has led to fresh concerns over metal wear and elevated systemic levels of metal ions. In order to establish if bearing diameter influences the release of metal ions, we compared the whole blood levels of cobalt and chromium (at one year) and the urinary cobalt and chromium output (at one to three(More)
Large-diameter metal-metal total hip replacement (THR) offers the advantages of low wear and low dislocation risk. the aim of this investigation was to compare metal levels in large and small-diameter metal-metal hip replacements. Whole blood concentrations and daily output of cobalt and chromium in 28 patients with unilateral large diameter (42- to 54-mm)(More)
Second-generation metal-on-metal bearings were introduced as a response to the considerable incidence of wear-induced failures associated with conventional replacements, especially in young patients. We present the results at ten years of a consecutive series of patients treated using a metal-on-metal hip resurfacing. A distinct feature of the bearings used(More)