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Submicromolar concentrations of several dinitroaniline herbicides have been found to specifically inhibit intracellular replication of the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. IC50 concentrations for T. gondii survival were approximately 100 nM for ethalfluralin and oryzalin and approximately 300 nM for trifluralin. Primary human fibroblasts employed as(More)
Here, we describe the complete deduced amino acid sequence of three unconventional myosins identified in the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. Phylogenetic analysis reveals that the three myosins represent a novel, highly-divergent class addition to the myosin superfamily. Toxoplasma gondii myosin-A (TgM-A) is a remarkably small approximately 93 kDa(More)
PURPOSE Cryptogenic epilepsy, the group of epilepsy syndromes for which an etiology is unknown, comprises approximately 20% of all epilepsy syndromes. We selected patients in this subgroup of epilepsy and tested them for evidence of Toxoplasma gondii IgG antibodies by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. T. gondii is found in up to 20% of the U.S.(More)
The monoclonal antibody Tg49 both recognizes a Toxoplasma gondii rhoptry protein (ROP1) and inhibits penetration enhancing factor. The latter is a proteinaceous factor found in Toxoplasma lysates or conditioned media that increases the efficiency with which parasites invade host cells. Tg49 was used to screen a lambda gt11 cDNA library and the clone(More)
The anterior organelles of the coccidian parasite Toxoplasma gondii have long been suspected of playing a role in the ability of this organism to actively penetrate a wide range of host cells. A series of four monoclonal antibodies (produced by spleen cells from mice immunized with whole, killed T. gondii fused with Sp 2/0-Ag14 myeloma cells) recognized(More)
Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) is a lethal and increasingly common infection in hospitalized patients. We assessed the impact of infectious diseases consultation (IDC) on clinical management and hospital mortality of SAB in 240 hospitalized patients in a retrospective cohort study. Patients who received IDC were older than those who did not (57.9(More)
We investigated the role of interleukin-17 (IL-17)/IL-17 receptor (IL-17R)-mediated signaling in the protective immunity against Toxoplasma gondii. IL-17R(-/-) mice developed a normal adaptive immunity against the parasite. However, increased mortality in the knockout animals can be attributed to a defect in the migration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes to(More)
The generation of an adaptive immune response against intracellular pathogens requires the recruitment of effector T cells to sites of infection. Here we show that the chemokine IP-10, a specific chemoattractant for activated T cells, controls this process in mice naturally infected with Toxoplasma gondii. Neutralization of IP-10 in infected mice inhibited(More)
Leishmania donovani promastigotes derived from infected hamster spleens, in either log phase or stationary phase growth, associated with human foreskin fibroblasts in vitro and assumed the morphological characteristics of amastigotes. This apparent conversion was noted within hours at 26 degrees C, 32 degrees C or 37 degrees C; in the continued presence of(More)
Chemokines are critical for the recruitment of effector immune cells to sites of infection. Mice lacking the chemokine receptor CCR1 have defects in neutrophil trafficking and proliferation. In the present study, we tested the susceptibility of CCR1 knockout mice to infection with the obligate intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii. In(More)