Joseph D. Goldman

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OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to provide national estimates of whole-grain intake in the United States, identify major dietary sources of whole grains and compare food and nutrient intakes of whole-grain consumers and nonconsumers. METHODS Data were collected from 9,323 individuals age 20 years and older in USDA's 1994-96 Continuing Survey of(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure nutrient intake adequacy of vitamin/mineral supplement users and nonusers aged 51 years and older, determine the efficacy of supplement practices in compensating for dietary deficits, and identify predictors of supplement use. DESIGN Analyses of two 24-hour recalls, demographic variables, and attitude questions collected during the(More)
Somatic symptoms often complicate the diagnosis and psychopharmacological treatment of depression in HIV illness. We treated 33 depressed HIV-positive men and women with medically symptomatic HIV or AIDS (CDC stages 2B, 2C, 3B, or 3C) in a 6 week open-label trial with sertraline, paroxetine, or fluoxetine, to assess their effectiveness and tolerability. We(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide updated estimates of drinking water intake (total, tap, plain bottled) for groups aged ≥1 year in the USA and to determine whether intakes collected in 2005-2006 using the Automated Multiple-Pass Method for the 24 h recall differ from intakes collected in 2003-2004 via post-recall food-frequency type questions. DESIGN Cross-sectional,(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare quantities consumed per eating occasion in 1989-1991 and 1994-1996 was the objective of this study. DESIGN This study was a comparison over time. Subjects/setting Subjects were respondents in the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII) in 1989-1991 or 1994-1996. Intake data were processed and analyzed to provide(More)
PURPOSE To determine how snacking level impacts intake of nutrients and food groups and assists in meeting recommendations outlined in the U.S. Department of Agriculture's MyPyramid Food Guidance System. METHODS Dietary data based on 24-hour recall from 4357 adolescents 12-19 years of age participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination(More)
BACKGROUND International comparisons of dietary intake are an important source of information to better understand food habits and their relationship to nutrition related diseases. The objective of this study is to compare food intake of Brazilian adults with American adults identifying possible dietary factors associated with the increase in obesity in(More)
Vitamin E intake status requires reassessment because the recommended levels have been increased and take into account only the alpha-tocopherol form of vitamin E. A database of alpha-tocopherol values for more than 7,000 foods was developed and applied to dietary data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2000. Usual intake(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether fast-food consumption is associated with adolescents' food group intakes and likelihood of meeting recommendations outlined in the MyPyramid Food Guidance System. DESIGN Data from two 24-hour recalls collected in What We Eat in America, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2004 were analyzed. Fast-food(More)
Accurate monitoring of US sodium intake requires familiarity with national dietary data collection and processing procedures. This article describes a data processing step that impacts sodium intake estimates, reasons for discontinuing the step, and implications of its discontinuation. This step, termed salt adjustment, was performed in US Department of(More)