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A theoretical model of blood-brain exchange is developed and a procedure is derived that can be used for graphing multiple-time tissue uptake data and determining whether a unidirectional transfer process was dominant during part or all of the experimental period. If the graph indicates unidirectionality of uptake, then an influx constant (Ki) can be(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The early ischemic lesions demonstrated by diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) are potentially reversible. The purposes of this study were to determine whether resolution of initial DWI lesions is transient or permanent after different brief periods of focal brain ischemia and to evaluate histological outcomes. METHODS Sixteen rats(More)
This study was designed to characterize the initial and secondary changes of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of water with high temporal resolution measurements of ADC values and to correlate ADC changes with functional outcomes. Fourteen rats underwent 30 minutes of temporary middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). Diffusion-, perfusion-, and(More)
The postulation that hypoxia increases local cerebral blood flow (lCBF) mainly by perfusing more capillaries (the capillary recruitment hypothesis) was tested in awake adult male Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to 10% O2 and control rats. The [14C]iodoantipyrine technique was used to measure lCBF. Local cerebral blood volume was determined by measuring plasma(More)
Ventriculocisternal perfusions of mongrel dogs were performed for 1-6 h with solutions containing isotopically labeled compounds. At the conclusion of the perfusion period, serial brain samples were taken from the caudate nucleus and analyzed for radioactivity. Tissue concentration profiles were constructed from the data, and apparent tissue diffusion and(More)
The increase in local cerebral blood flow (LCBF) caused by hypercapnia may be mainly accomplished by raising the velocity of plasma and/or red blood cell (RBC) flow through the microvessels and not by perfusing more capillaries. This suggestion was tested in awake rats exposed to 8% CO2 and in control rats. LCBF was measured by the 14C-labeled(More)
Blood volume, blood flow, and blood-to-tissue transfer of an amino acid in circumventricular organs, such as the median eminence and subfornical organ, and the pituitary gland of conscious rats were measured by using quantitative autoradiographic techniques and computer-assisted processing of the tissue images. Retained erythrocyte and plasma volumes(More)
The single-capillary model was applied to the exchange microvessels for water in the cerebral parenchyma and used to calculate blood-to-brain flux of water; the theory of the steady-state arterial spin-tagging (AST) technique for estimating cerebral blood flow (CBF) was revised to incorporate the presence of both extravascular (tissue) and capillary signal.(More)
Spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) are hypertensive, hyperactive, and hydrocephalic; furthermore SHR have smaller brain volume and weight than age-matched, normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). At 6-7 months of age, local cerebral glucose is sizably lower in SHR than WKY. The hypothesis that these several abnormalities of SHR lead to variations in(More)