Joseph D DeFulvio

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Ascorbic acid incubated with monoclonal antibodies (22 degrees C, 60 min, pH 6.5) at a molar ratio of 3500:1, reduced 2.7 +/- 0.2% of the available disulfides to sulfhydryl groups that strongly bind 99mTc, and provided greater than 95% labeling efficiency for several IgM, IgG and F(ab')2 antibodies. The colloid formation was consistently less than 3% and(More)
We have evaluated five compounds, stannous chloride (SnCl2), 2-mercaptoethanol (2-ME), dithiothreitol (DTT), dithioerythritol (DTE), and ascorbic acid (AA) to reduce monoclonal antibody MoAb (disulfide groups and compared their efficacy for labeling MoAbs with 99mTc. The reduction of 99mTc with dithionite at pH 11 was nearly quantitative. The use of AA, at(More)
Polyclonal human IgG (IgG), antinuclear antibody (TNT-1), and human serum albumin (HSA), were labeled with 99mTc by a method recently developed in our laboratory, and administered i.v., each to a separate group of five mice, bearing inflammatory foci induced by an i.m. injection of 40 microL turpentine or 5 x 10(8) E. coli and 5 x 10(8) Entercocci. TNT-1(More)
Rhenium-186 has been determined to be a leading radionuclide for radioimmunotherapy. However, the use of 186Re has been limited due to the lack of a convenient and efficient method by which the radionuclide can be bound to monoclonal antibodies. We have developed a simple technique to label IgM, IgG, fragmented antibodies and tumor necrosis factor-alpha(More)
Reduction of disulfide bonds to sulfhydryl groups for direct radiolabeling of antibodies for immunoscintigraphic and therapeutic applications continues to be of considerable interest. Sensitive spectrophotometric methods have been evaluated that will enable investigators to determine submicrogram quantities of cysteine units produced, for the assurance of(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to determine whether attending physician call status affected the primary cesarean delivery rates of the resident or private services after institution of in-hospital coverage. STUDY DESIGN Data for the study year, during which in-hospital attending coverage was in place, were compared with those of the previous year, during(More)
Imaging tumors with radioactive monoclonal antibodies remains attractive but continues to be challenging. With the hypothesis that the use of biological response modifiers (BRMs) may augment the tumor uptake, technetium-99m(99mTc)-labeled tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and nuclear histone specific TNT-1-F(ab')2 were evaluated in tumor bearing mice given a(More)
Using experimentally induced pulmonary emboli in an animal model, three intravenously administered contrast agents, Gd-DTPA-albumin microspheres (8-15 microns, 0.2 M particles/mg protein, 39-106 micrograms Gd/mg, 50 mg/ml), Gd-DTPA-liposomes (15-30 microns, 130 micrograms/mg lipid, 6 mg Gd/ml) and superparamagnetic ferrosome, (60 nm, 100 mM iron and 20 mg(More)
Murine monoclonal antibodies against stage specific embryonic antigen-1 have been found to have high specificity for human neutrophil (PMN) surface receptor, lacto-N-fucopentoase, and is being investigated as an agent for in vivo labeling of PMNs for imaging abscesses. Since specific membrane antigen complexes are vitally important for adherence related PMN(More)
We present a case of acute uterine inversion in the third stage of labor in which critical management decisions were facilitated by ultrasound imaging in the operating room. Identification of the ovary and adnexa pulled into the indentation of the inversion allowed the successful diagnosis and guidance for uterine replacement.