Joseph C. K. Leung

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BACKGROUND Ganoderma lucidum (Ganoderma or lingzhi) is widely used as an alternative medicine remedy to promote health and longevity. Recent studies have indicated that components extracted from Ganoderma have a wide range of pharmacological actions including suppressing inflammation and scavenging free radicals. We recently reported that tubular secretion(More)
Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) have recently shown promise as a therapeutic tool in various types of chronic kidney disease (CKD) models. However, the mechanism of action is incompletely understood. As renal prognosis in CKD is largely determined by the degree of renal tubular injury that correlates with residual proteinuria, we(More)
The effects of advanced glycation end products (AGE) in the form of glycated albumin (GA) on the proinflammatory phenotype of cultured renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTEC) and the therapeutic potential of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) agonist were studied. Human PTEC were exposed to medium alone or supplemented(More)
This study investigated the use of peritoneal dialysis fluid (dialyzate) as a MR contrast agent to visualize the liver structure and peritoneal adhesion in rats at 7 T. Intraperitoneal injection of dialyzate (approximately 0.1 ml/g) yielded excellent and consistent intraperitoneal enhancement that delineated the liver lobular structure in all rats studied(More)
BACKGROUND The serum leptin level is elevated in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) and associated with a loss of lean body mass. The nutritional status of PD patients may further be worsened following peritonitis. We investigated the association between hyperleptinaemia, inflammation and malnourishment in PD-related peritonitis. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND It has been suggested that polymeric IgA (pIgA) or IgA immune complexes play a significant pathogenic role in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) shares many activities with other pro-inflammatory cytokines. In human glomerulonephritis, including IgAN, glomerular expression of MIF is found to correlate with(More)
Adipose tissue is a major site of chronic inflammation associated with peritoneal dialysis (PD) frequently complicating peritonitis. Adiposity-associated inflammation plays a significant contributory role in the development of chronic inflammation in patients undergoing maintenance PD. However, the molecular and cellular mechanisms of this link remain(More)
Background. Deposition of polymeric IgA1 (pIgA) in kidney mesangium is the hallmark of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Current consensus is that a fraction of IgA1 molecules in the circulation of IgAN patients exhibit aberrant structures or properties that may lead to their deposition. Our previous findings suggest that the anionic property of IgA1 may play a role(More)
Tissue kallikrein (KLK1) expression is up-regulated in human diabetic kidney tissue and induced by high glucose (HG) in human proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTEC). Since the kallikrein-kinin system (KKS) has been linked to cellular inflammatory process in many diseases, it is likely that KLK1 expression may mediate the inflammatory process during the(More)
BACKGROUND Glucose degradation products (GDPs) are formed during heat sterilization of peritoneal dialysis fluid and, to a lesser extent, during their prolonged storage. In vitro studies have demonstrated that GDPs impair functions of peritoneal mesothelial cells, including proliferation, viability and cytokine release. In the present study, we studied the(More)