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Neurons selective for sound duration have been reported in the auditory midbrain and cortex of several specialized vertebrate species that process behaviorally relevant signals of stereotypic duration. This study examines duration selectivity in the inferior colliculus (IC) of the pallid bat to determine if this selectivity is limited to regions that serve(More)
1. We examined the role of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-mediated inhibition in shaping excitatory tuning curves and creating selectivity for frequency-modulated (FM) sweeps in 29 neurons in the central nucleus of the inferior colliculus (ICC) of the pallid bat, with the use of single-unit recording coupled with the iontophoretic application of bicuculline(More)
1. The dorsal medullary nucleus (DMN) of frogs is the presumed homolog of the mammalian cochlear nucleus (CN). Like the CN, the DMN is the sole target of centrally projecting primary auditory-nerve fibers and the first central auditory-processing center. To study the transformation of acoustic information in the DMN, we have utilized relatively simple(More)
The influence of envelope rise time on neural responses was investigated in the central auditory pathway of frogs. Single unit and evoked potential recordings were made from the dorsal medullary nucleus (DMN) and thalamus, respectively. It was found that phasic neurons (15% of the population) in the DMN responded preferentially to stimuli with rapid (less(More)
Exposure to altered microgravity during space travel induces changes in the brain and these are reflected in many of the physical behavior seen in the astronauts. The vulnerability of the brain to microgravity stress has been reviewed and reported. Identifying microgravity-induced changes in the brain proteome may aid in understanding the impact of the(More)
1. Physiological recordings were made from single auditory fibers in the frog eighth nerve to determine quantitatively how the different behaviorally relevant temporal parameters (the signal rise-fall time, duration, and rate of amplitude modulation) of complex sounds are encoded in the auditory periphery. Individual temporal parameters were varied.(More)
There is an ongoing concern regarding the biocompatibility of nanoparticles with sizes less than 100 nm as compared to larger particles of the same nominal substance. In this study, we investigated the toxic properties of magnetite stabilized with polyacrylate sodium. The magnetite was characterized by X-ray powder diffraction analysis, and the mean(More)
We conducted a single unit study of auditory neurons in the central thalamic nucleus of the northern leopard frog. These cells, unlike those of the posterior thalamic nucleus (J. Comp. Physiol., 150 (1983) 333-344), were broadly tuned and sensitive to one or more temporal features (pulse duration and repetition rate) of complex sound signals. When compared(More)
We have conducted anatomical and physiological experiments to investigate the functional organization of the dorsal thalamus in the northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens pipiens). Our studies provide evidence for parallel auditory processing at this level of the frog's brain. Acoustically evoked potentials were recorded from the posterior and central thalamic(More)