Joseph Brunner

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The twin-arginine translocation (Tat) machinery of the Escherichia coli inner membrane is dedicated to the export of proteins harboring a conserved SRRxFLK motif in their signal sequence. TatA, TatB, and TatC are the functionally essential constituents of the Tat machinery, but their precise function is unknown. Using site-specific crosslinking, we have(More)
We have systematically analyzed the molecular environment of the signal sequence of a growing secretory protein from Escherichia coli using a stage- and site-specific cross-linking approach. Immediately after emerging from the ribosome, the signal sequence of pOmpA is accessible to Ffh, the protein component of the bacterial signal recognition particle, and(More)
The herpes simplex virus (HSV) immediate early protein ICP47 inhibits the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP)-dependent peptide translocation. As a consequence, empty major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules are retained in the endoplasmic reticulum and recognition of HSV-infected cells by cytotoxic T lymphocytes is(More)
As newly synthesized polypeptides emerge from the ribosome, they interact with chaperones and targeting factors that assist in folding and targeting to the proper location in the cell. In Escherichia coli, the chaperone trigger factor (TF) binds to nascent polypeptides early in biosynthesis facilitated by its affinity for the ribosomal proteins L23 and L29(More)
Synapsin I, a major neuron-specific phosphoprotein, is localized on the cytoplasmic surface of small synaptic vesicles to which it binds with high affinity. It contains a collagenase-resistant head domain and a collagenase-sensitive elongated tail domain. In the present study, the interaction between synapsin I and phospholipid vesicles has been(More)
Environmental information is valuable for monitoring and remediation efforts only if the location and time of acquisition are recorded in parallel with other parameters such as temperature, pH, pCO2 etc. Similarly, environmental information must be searchable and retrievable on the basis of geolocation and time of acquisition as well as other parameters(More)
A new photoactivable, radioactive derivative of ganglioside GM1 has been utilized to assess lipid distribution in the caveolae bilayer, taking advantage of the ability of the glycolipid, endogenous or exogenously added, to concentrate within this membrane compartment and to crosslink neighboring molecules upon illumination. After insertion into A431 plasma(More)
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