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A set of nonlinear differential equations describing flagellar motion in an external viscous medium is derived. Because of the local nature of these equations and the use of a Crank-Nicolson-type forward time step, which is stable for large deltat, numerical solution of these equations on a digital computer is relatively fast. Stable bend initiation and(More)
A model for slow axonal transport is developed in which the essential features are reversible binding of cytoskeletal elements and of soluble cytosolic proteins to each other and to motile elements such as actin microfilaments. Computer simulation of the equations of the model demonstrate that the model can account for many of the features of the SCa and(More)
A structural model is proposed for the processing of interaural intensity differences by the lateral superior olive. One fundamental assumption is that the incoming excitatory projections from the ipsilateral anteroventral cochlear nucleus innervate columns of LSO neurons serially according to threshold. A second fundamental assumption is that the(More)
In a previous study, a model was developed to investigate the release of luteinizing hormone (LH) from pituitary cells in response to a short pulse of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). The model included: binding of GnRH to its receptor (R), dimerization and internalization of the hormone receptor complex, interaction with a G protein, production of(More)
A mathematical model is developed to investigate the rate of release of luteinizing hormone (LH) from pituitary gonadotropes in response to short pulses of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). The model includes binding of the hormone to its receptor, dimerization, interaction with a G protein, production of inositol 1,4, 5-trisphosphate, release of(More)
A method is presented for determining the retardation of diffusion of particles inside cells owing to cytoskeletal barriers. The cytoskeletal meshwork is treated as a repeating periodic two-dimensional or three-dimensional lattice composed of elements of given size, shape, and spacing. We derive an analytic expression for the diffusion coefficient relative(More)
Leishmania major promastigotes were grown to late-log phase and washed and resuspended in an isosmotic buffer. When osmolality was suddenly decreased by 50%, the cells rapidly became shorter and increased in width. Cell volume, calculated assuming a prolate-ellipsoidal shape, increased 1.4 times after 1 min. Over the next several minutes, the average length(More)
L. Donovani promastigotes were grown to late-log and 3-day stationary phase to determine the level of protein tyrosine phosphatase activity in crude extracts and in fractions following gel filtration column chromatography. Over 90% of the activity was soluble in a low salt extraction buffer in both phases of growth. Several peaks of activity were resolved(More)