Joseph Bernard Borman

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OBJECTIVE Fifteen collaborating centers in eight countries present their pooled experience with the new Bicarbon bileaflet valve. METHODS Between 4/90 and 4/96, 1351 patients, 806 males and 545 females, aged 10 to 83, mean 58.4 +/- 12.4, underwent valve implantation. OPERATIONS aortic valve replacement (AVR), 726; mitral valve replacement (MVR), 475;(More)
The effect of neocuproine on cardiac injury was studied using retrogradely perfused isolated rat hearts in two experimental systems. In the first system, where hydrogen peroxide-induced damage was studied, neocuproine at the range of 40-175 microM provided protection at the level of 70-85%, as demonstrated by the reduced loss in the peak systolic pressure(More)
This study was designed to test the effect of glucose and a formulation enriched with branched chain amino acids as additives to oxygenated crystalloid cardioplegic solution in the ischemic heart. Energy-depleted isolated working rat hearts were subjected to 68 minutes of normothermic global ischemia during which oxygenated cardioplegic solution was used to(More)
Allopurinol, a potent inhibitor of xanthine oxidase, is known to effectively protect the heart against damage in patients undergoing cardiac bypass surgery. There is still an ambiguity concerning the presence of xanthine oxidase in the human heart. Thus, the mechanism underlying the protective effect of allopurinol is unclear. Transition metal ions, such as(More)
BACKGROUND The efficacy of myocardial protection by cyclosporin A (CSA) and insulin was tested in human right atrial myocardial slices subjected to simulated ischemia and reoxygenation. METHODS Slices of right atrial trabeculae were obtained from patients undergoing elective cardiac surgery. Trabeculae were incubated with oxygenated glucose containing(More)
OBJECTIVE Atrial fibrillation occurs in 20% to 40% of patients after cardiac surgery, but its pathophysiology remains unclear. Recent studies demonstrated preexisting histologic markers that portend the development of postoperative atrial fibrillation. In this prospective study, we focused on mitochondrial dysfunction in response to ischemic stress as a(More)
Rupture of the myocardium following an acute infarction is occasionally compatible with survival. In such cases, pre-existent pericardial adhesions confine the bleeding to a limited space within the pericardial sac and produce a chamber which communicates with the left ventricular cavity. The chamber gradually enlarges and forms a pseudoaneurysm. Two cases(More)
BACKGROUND The chest cage is a common target for traumatic damage. Although relatively rare, it is considered to be a serious condition with significant reported mortalities. As most flail injuries are accompanied by severe extrathoracic injuries, it is often difficult to pinpoint a single injury responsible for the patient's death. AIM To investigate the(More)