Joseph B Santella

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In search of antiinflammatory drugs with a new mechanism of action, U0126 was found to functionally antagonize AP-1 transcriptional activity via noncompetitive inhibition of the dual specificity kinase MEK with an IC50 of 0.07 microM for MEK 1 and 0.06 microM for MEK 2. U0126 can undergo isomerization and cyclization reactions to form a variety of products,(More)
A new series of nonpeptide angiotensin II (AII) receptor antagonists has been prepared. These N-(biphenylyl-methyl)imidazoles, e.g. 2-butyl-1-[(2'-carboxybiphenyl-4-yl)methyl]-4-chloro-5- (hydroxymethyl)imidazole, differ from the previously reported N-(benzamidobenzyl)imidazoles and related compounds in that they produce a potent antihypertensive effect(More)
BACKGROUND Prodrugs that exhibit ex vivo instability owing to high levels of esterases in rodent blood, plasma and serum present challenges in the accurate determination of drug exposure in samples from pharmacokinetic, pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic, efficacy and toxicology studies in drug discovery. Ensuring the stability of analytes in sample(More)
AT1 and AT2 are the two major receptor subtypes for angiotensin II that have been pharmacologically defined by using the selective ligands losartan and PD123177, respectively. EXP597 (4-[(5-(2-benzoyl)benzyloxycarbonyl-4-ethyl-2-n-propylimidazole-1- yl)methyl]-3-fluoro-2'-isoamyloxycarbonylaminosulfonyl-[1,1']-biph enyl, potassium salt) is a nonpeptide(More)
Employing phenylmalonitrile dianion chemistry, a large number of analogues of MEK inhibitor lead SH053 (IC(50)=140 nM) were rapidly synthesized leading to single digit nM inhibitors, displaying submicromolar AP-1 transcription inhibition in COS-7 cells. Compound 41, exhibiting a MEK IC(50)=12 nM showed ip activity in a TPA-induced ear edema model with an(More)
The discovery of novel and selective small molecule antagonists of the CC Chemokine Receptor-3 (CCR3) is presented. Simple conversion from a 4- to 3-benzylpiperidine gave improved selectivity for CCR3 over the serotonin 5HT(2A) receptor. Chiral resolution and exploration of mono- and disubstitution of the N-propylurea resulted in several 3-benzylpiperidine(More)
Starting with our previously described(20) class of CC chemokine receptor-3 (CCR3) antagonist, we improved the potency by replacing the phenyl linker of 1 with a cyclohexyl linker and by replacing the 4-benzylpiperidine with a 3-benzylpiperidine. The resulting compound, 32, is a potent and selective antagonist of CCR3. SAR studies showed that the(More)
The serine/threonine kinase IL-1R-associated kinase (IRAK)4 is a critical regulator of innate immunity. We have identified BMS-986126, a potent, highly selective inhibitor of IRAK4 kinase activity that demonstrates equipotent activity against multiple MyD88-dependent responses both in vitro and in vivo. BMS-986126 failed to inhibit assays downstream of(More)
CCR3 antagonist leads with IC(50) values in the microM range were converted into low nM binding compounds that displayed in vitro inhibition of human eosinophil chemotaxis induced by human eotaxin. In particular, 4-benzylpiperidin-1-yl-n-propylureas and erythro-3-(4-benzyl-2-(alpha-hydroxyalkyl)piperidin-1-yl)-n-propylureas (obtained via Beak reaction of(More)
The synthesis and structure-activity relationships of N-arylalkylpiperidylmethyl ureas as antagonists of the CC chemokine receptor-3 (CCR3) are presented. These compounds displayed potent binding to the receptor as well as functional antagonism of eotaxin-elicited effects on eosinophils.