Joseph-André Ghika

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Background. The electrode Activa 3389 is widely implanted for deep brain stimulation (DBS) and MRI is often used to control the position of the electrode. However, induced distorsion artifacts may result in imprecise localization and may lead to misinterpretations of the clinical effects and mechanisms of DBS. Methods. In vitro 3D MR study: the proximal and(More)
We report the cases of two patients presenting a peculiar speech disorder, which we have named “echoing approval”, in which the patients echo, in replying to questions in a dialogue with short phrases, the positive or negative syntactical construction of a question, or its positive or negative intonation, but without any repetition of whole or part of(More)
We report the cases of three patients with a thalamic infarct in the territory of the posterior choroidal artery involving the posterior thalamic nuclei. These patients developed delayed complex hyperkinetic motor syndromes, associating ataxia, tremor, dystonia, myoclonus and chorea, which we call “the jerky dystonic unsteady hand”. One patient had a severe(More)
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) in the thalamic ventral intermediate (Vim) or the subthalamic nucleus (STN) reportedly improves medication-refractory Parkinson’s disease (PD) tremor. However, little is known about the potential synergic effects of combined Vim and STN DBS. We describe a 79-year-old man with medication-refractory tremor-dominant PD. Bilateral(More)
A patient with infarction of the paramedian part of the lower mid-brain on the right side is described, in whom internuclear ophthalmoplegia and bilateral ptosis were associated with limitation of elevation of the contralateral eye from paresis of the superior rectus. Supranuclear paresis was suggested by partial dissociation between phasic and tonic(More)
The varicella zoster virus affects the central or peripheral nervous systems upon reactivation, especially when cell-mediated immunity is impaired. Among varicella zoster virus-related neurological syndromes, meningoradiculitis is an ill-defined condition for which clear management guidelines are still lacking. Zoster paresis is usually considered to be a(More)
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