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An information–theoretic analysis of information hiding is presented in this paper, forming the theoretical basis for design of information–hiding systems. Information hiding is an emerging research area which encompasses applications such as copyright protection for digital media, watermarking, fingerprinting, and steganography. In these applications,(More)
The electrocardiogram (ECG) is an emerging biometric modality that has seen about 13 years of development in peer-reviewed literature, and as such deserves a systematic review and discussion of the associated methods and findings. In this paper, we review most of the techniques that have been applied to the use of the electrocardiogram for biometric(More)
In this paper, we present the results of an analysis of the electrocardiogram (ECG) as a biométrie using a novel short-time frequency method with robust feature selection. Our proposed method incorporates heartbeats from multiple days and fuses information. Single lead ECG signals from a comparatively large sample of 269 subjects that were sampled(More)
The accurate determination of x-ray signal properties is important to several computed tomography (CT) research and development areas, notably for statistical reconstruction algorithms and dose-reduction simulation. The most commonly used model of CT signal formation, assuming monoenergetic x-ray sources with quantum counting detectors obeying simple(More)
Wireless sensor networks often face the critical challenge of sustaining long-term operation on limited battery energy. Coverage maintenance protocols can effectively prolong network lifetime by maintaining sufficient sensing coverage over a region using a small number of active nodes while scheduling the others to sleep. We present a novel distributed(More)
Iterative deblurring methods using the expectation maximization (EM) formulation and the algebraic reconstruction technique (ART), respectively, are adapted for metal artifact reduction in medical computed tomography (CT). In experiments with synthetic noise-free and additive noisy projection data of dental phantoms, it is found that both simultaneous(More)
A family of alternating minimization algorithms for finding maximum-likelihood estimates of attenuation functions in transmission X-ray tomography is described. The model from which the algorithms are derived includes polyenergetic photon spectra, background events, and nonideal point spread functions. The maximum-likelihood image reconstruction problem is(More)