Joseph A. Martial

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We have previously shown that the human genome includes hundreds of genes coding for putative factors related to the Krüppel zinc-finger protein, which regulates Drosophila segmentation. We report herein that about one-third of these genes code for proteins that share a very conserved region of about 75 amino acids in their N-terminal nonfinger portion.(More)
Angiogenesis, the process of development of a new microvasculature, is regulated by a balance of positive and negative factors. We show both in vivo and in vitro that the members of the human prolactin/growth hormone family, i.e., human prolactin, human growth hormone, human placental lactogen, and human growth hormone variant are angiogenic whereas their(More)
A method for isolation of large, translationally active RNA species is presented. The procedure involves homogenization of cells or tissues in 5 M guanidine monothiocyanate followed by direct precipitation of RNA from the guanidinium by 4 M LiCl. Modifications are described for use with tissue culture cells, yeast, tissues, or isolated nuclei. The(More)
The formation of a new blood supply, angiogenesis, is an essential component of carcinogenesis and unrestricted tumor growth. A substance capable of inhibiting angiogenesis would be of considerable therapeutic potential in the treatment of cancer. We previously reported that the 16-kilodalton N-terminal fragment of rat PRL (16K rPRL) was a potent inhibitor(More)
Prolactin (Prl), growth hormone, and chorionic sommatomammotropin form a set (the "Prl set") of hormones which is thought to have evolved from a common ancestral gene. This assumption is based on several lines of evidence: overlap in their biological and immunological properties, similarities in their amino acid sequences, and homologies in the nucleic acid(More)
We isolated and characterized the tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) HSP70 gene, highly homologous to other HSP70 genes. A dramatic increase of tilapia HSP70 mRNA levels was observed after heat shock of whole animals in all organs tested. Reporter constructs were tested for transient expression in carp cells and in microinjected zebrafish embryos. The entire(More)
Overexpression and inhibitor studies have suggested that the c-Myc target gene for ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the enzyme which converts ornithine to putrescine, plays an important role in diverse biological processes, including cell growth, differentiation, transformation, and apoptosis. To explore the physiological function of ODC in mammalian(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenously expressed small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression at post-transcriptional level. The recent discovery of the involvement of these RNAs in the control of angiogenesis renders them very attractive in the development of new approaches for restoring the angiogenic balance. Whereas miRNA-21 has been(More)
The purification and characterization of triose-phosphate isomerase from the psychrophilic bacterium Vibrio marinus (vTIM) is described. Crystal structures of the vTIM-sulfate complex and the vTIM-2-phosphoglycolate complex (at a 2.7-A resolution) are also presented. The optimal growth temperature of Vibrio marinus is 15 degrees C. Stability studies show(More)