Joseph A Jackson

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Some humans are persistently more susceptible to gastrointestinal nematodes than others. Here, for the first time, susceptibility to reinfection has been linked to host cytokine responses. Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura abundance was assessed immediately before and 8-9 months after deworming in a Cameroonian population (starting n=191).(More)
Immunological analyses of wild populations can increase our understanding of how vertebrate immune systems respond to 'natural' levels of exposure to diverse infections. A major recent advance in immunology has been the recognition of the central role of phylogenetically conserved toll-like receptors in triggering innate immunity and the subsequent(More)
The reproductive kinetics of Protopolystoma xenopodis primary and secondary infections in Xenopus laevis were monitored in a 3-year study. Thirty-five naïve, lab-raised, full-sib X. laevis from 1 spawning were each exposed to 30 P. xenopodis eggs. The course of infections at 20 degrees C was monitored by screening isolated hosts for parasite egg production.(More)
Although the molecules and cells involved in triggering immune responses against parasitic worms (helminths) remain enigmatic, research has continued to implicate expansions of T-helper type 2 (Th2) cells and regulatory T-helper (T(reg)) cells as a characteristic response to these organisms. An intimate association has also emerged between Th2 responses and(More)
Immune responses to human roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides) and whipworm (Trichuris trichiura) and their role in controlling worm populations are reviewed. Recent immunoepidemiological data implicate T(H)2-mediated responses in limiting A. lumbricoides and T. trichiura populations. Reinfection studies further suggest that IL-5 cytokine responses are(More)
Comprehensive field data on polystomatid monogeneans record low prevalence and intensity of infection and suggest that worm burdens in this group are strongly regulated: thus, in the majority of Polystoma species infecting anuran amphibians mean abundance is typically less than one parasite/host. There is circumstantial evidence that the dominant control is(More)
Carefully chosen immunological measurements, informed by recent advances in our understanding of the diversity and control of immune mechanisms, can add great interpretative value to ecological studies of infection. This is especially so for co-infection studies, where interactions between species are often mediated via the host's immune response. Here we(More)
The taxonomy, geographical distribution and hostrange of the polystomatid genus ProtopolystomaBychowsky, 1957 are reviewed. P. xenopodis(Price, 1943) and five new species are recognised,which occur in clawed toads ( Xenopus spp.)throughout subsaharan Africa. Of the two clawed toadsubgenera, Xenopus and Silurana, only theformer is infected. Protopolystoma(More)
The developmental response of egg stages to different environmental temperature regimes was studied in Protopolystoma xenopodis and Protopolystoma orientalis (Monogenea: Polystomatidae) isolates from southern Africa. Eggs failed to develop at 10 degrees C, whilst at 15 degrees C only P. xenopodis completed larval development, hatching 49--88 days(More)
Pathogens are believed to drive genetic diversity at host loci involved in immunity to infectious disease. To date, studies exploring the genetic basis of pathogen resistance in the wild have focussed almost exclusively on genes of the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC); the role of genetic variation elsewhere in the genome as a basis for variation in(More)