Peptide nucleic acid (PNA) sequences are synthetic versions of naturally occurring oligonucleotides which display improved binding properties to DNA and RNA, but are still poorly internalized across cell membranes. In an effort to employ the rapid binding/internalization properties of somatostatin agonist analogs and the over-expression of somatostatin… (More)
The effects of camptothecin-somatostatin (CPT-SS) conjugates were investigated on small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. CPT was coupled to a SS agonist (SSA), c(Cys-Phe-DTrp-Lys-Thr-Cys)Thr-NH2 using the built in nucleophile assisted-releasing group (L1) N-methyl-aminoethyl-Gly-Dser-Nle-Dtyr-Dser or (L2) aminoethyl-Gly-Dser-Nle-Dtyr-Dser. The resulting… (More)
Most human tumors overexpress or ectopically express peptide hormone/neurotransmitter receptors, which are being increasingly studied as a means to selectively deliver cytotoxic agents. Although a number of peptide ligand-constructs demonstrate tumor cytotoxicity, the role of specific tumoral receptor interaction in its mediation is unclear. To address this… (More)
The major problems of traditional chemotherapy are non-selectivity and non-specificity, resulting in severe toxic side effects. Peptides are a new-generation of drug-delivery vector to increase efficacy of this therapy and avoid the resulting damage. The cytotoxic somatostatin (SST) conjugate JF-10-81 was developed by coupling camptothecin (CPT) to the… (More)
The effects of vasoactive intestinal peptide-camptothecin (VIP-CPT) conjugates were investigated on breast cancer cells and cells transfected with VIP receptors (R). (Ala(2,8,9,19,24.25.27), Nle(17), Lys(28))VIP, (A-NL-K)VIP, was synthesized and Lys(28) was coupled to a linker, N-methyl-amino-ethyl-glycine, L2, which formed a carbamate bond with CPT. The… (More)
A more convenient and facile approach for the synthesis and production of camptothecin–amino acids carbamate linkers, that can be used in the synthesis of bioconjugate peptides JF-10-81, JF-10-71, and other peptide analogs designed to target somatostatin receptors has been described.