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Two CPT-SSA conjugates, JF-10-71 and JF-10-81, containing a chemically adjustable release-rate carbamate linker, have been reported previously by us to potently inhibit growth of human neuroblastoma IMR32 cells overexpressing somatostatin receptor type II (SSTR2) but are stable under buffer incubation conditions or in rat plasma. Further experiments now(More)
Peptide hormones are often rapidly internalized after binding to and activation of their receptors which are sometimes over-expressed on tumor cells. Thus, peptide ligands are increasingly being utilized for specific tumor cell targeting and internalization of radioactive isotopes for tumor imaging and for specifically delivering and internalizing cytotoxic(More)
The effects of camptothecin-somatostatin (CPT-SS) conjugates were investigated on small cell lung cancer (SCLC) cells. CPT was coupled to a SS agonist (SSA), c(Cys-Phe-DTrp-Lys-Thr-Cys)Thr-NH2 using the built in nucleophile assisted-releasing group (L1) N-methyl-aminoethyl-Gly-Dser-Nle-Dtyr-Dser or (L2) aminoethyl-Gly-Dser-Nle-Dtyr-Dser. The resulting(More)
Mammalian bombesin (BN) receptors are among those most frequently overexpressed by a number of common tumors including prostate, breast, lung, and colon cancers. The aim of this study was to develop a camptothecin-bombesin (CPT-BN) conjugate that interacts with all classes of BN receptors and possibly functions as a prodrug via a labile linker with(More)
INTRODUCTION Expression of somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (sst 2) in angiogenic tumor vessels appears to be homogeneous, while tumor cell expression of this receptor is often heterogeneous. We have developed a novel in vitro three-dimensional tumor angiogenesis model to study the antitumor and the antiangiogenic effects of radiolabeled somatostatin(More)
PURPOSE We investigated the effects of the anti-epilepsy drug valproic acid (VPA) alone and in combination in treating cervical cancer. METHODS VPA was investigated for its effects on cervical cancer Hela cell proliferation and tumor growth via in vitro and in vivo assays. RESULTS VPA induce cell growth suppression and cell cycle arrest, with an(More)
A series of novel 1,4-diaryl-2-azetidinones was prepared by stereospecific Staudinger reaction as conformationally restricted analogues of combretastatin A-4 because molecular modeling studies suggested close geometric similarities. They were evaluated for cytotoxicity against a number of human tumor and normal cell lines. Strong potencies were observed,(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) has been shown to induce insulin resistance in cultured cells as well as in animal models. The aim of this study was to map the in vivo mechanism whereby TNF-alpha contributes to the pathogenesis of impaired insulin signaling, using obese and lean Zucker rats in which TNF-alpha activity was inhibited through(More)
The major problems of traditional chemotherapy are non-selectivity and non-specificity, resulting in severe toxic side effects. Peptides are a new-generation of drug-delivery vector to increase efficacy of this therapy and avoid the resulting damage. The cytotoxic somatostatin (SST) conjugate JF-10-81 was developed by coupling camptothecin (CPT) to the(More)
BACKGROUND Radiolabeled somatostatin analogs have gained popularity for tumor imaging and have recently been used for the treatment of somatostatin receptor-expressing tumors. We have developed a novel, N-terminally extended, multiply iodinated somatostatin analog, 125I-WOC 4a, that we hypothesize will be a useful tool for the detection of and therapy for(More)