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BACKGROUND High density genetic maps of plants have, nearly without exception, made use of marker datasets containing missing or questionable genotype calls derived from a variety of genic and non-genic or anonymous markers, and been presented as a single linear order of genetic loci for each linkage group. The consequences of missing or erroneous data(More)
OBJECTIVES There is increasing evidence that polymorphism of the ABCB1 (MDR1) gene contributes to interindividual variability in bioavailability and tissue distribution of P-glycoprotein substrates. The aim of the present study was to (1) identify and describe novel variants in the ABCB1 gene, (2) understand the extent of variation in ABCB1 at the(More)
The completion of the Human Genome Project and the development of high-throughput polymorphism identification methods have allowed researchers to carry out full genetic analyses of many clinically relevant genes. However, few studies have combined genetic analysis with in vitro phenotyping to better understand the relationship between genetic variation and(More)
The organic cation transporter, OCT1, is a major hepatic transporter that mediates the uptake of many organic cations from the blood into the liver where the compounds may be metabolized or secreted into the bile. Because OCT1 interacts with a variety of structurally diverse organic cations, including clinically used drugs as well as toxic substances (e.g.,(More)
Cholestasis, or impaired bile flow, is an important but poorly understood manifestation of liver disease. Two clinically distinct forms of inherited cholestasis, benign recurrent intrahepatic cholestasis (BRIC) and progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis type 1 (PFIC1), were previously mapped to 18q21. Haplotype analysis narrowed the candidate region(More)
Most human sequence variation is in the form of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). It has been proposed that coding-region SNPs (cSNPs) be used for direct association studies to determine the genetic basis of complex traits. The success of such studies depends on the frequency of disease-associated alleles, and their distribution in different ethnic(More)
BACKGROUND Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a lethal disorder characterized by progressive degeneration of motor neurons in the brain and spinal cord. Diagnosis is mainly based on clinical symptoms, and there is currently no therapy to stop the disease or slow its progression. Since access to spinal cord tissue is not possible at disease onset, we(More)
Although there are several methods for genotyping previously identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), there is a paucity of approaches for high-throughput scanning for unknown variations. Mismatch repair detection (MRD) utilizes a bacterial mismatch repair system in vivo to detect sequence variants in human DNA samples. We describe modifications(More)
Membrane transporters maintain cellular and organismal homeostasis by importing nutrients and exporting toxic compounds. Transporters also play a crucial role in drug response, serving as drug targets and setting drug levels. As part of a pharmacogenetics project, we screened exons and flanking intronic regions for variation in a set of 24 membrane(More)
Byler disease (ByD) is an autosomal recessive disorder in which cholestasis of onset in infancy leads to hepatic fibrosis and death. Children who have a clinically similar disorder, but are not members of the Amish kindred in which ByD was described, are said to have Byler syndrome (ByS). Controversy exists as to whether ByD and ByS (subtypes of progressive(More)