Joseph A Devito

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This work describes the novel use of tolC as a selectable/counter-selectable marker for the facile modification of DNA in Escherichia coli. Expression of TolC (an outer membrane protein) confers relative resistance to toxic small molecules, while its absence renders the cell tolerant to colicin E1. These features, coupled with the lambdaredgam recombination(More)
We report three crystal structures of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis cell division protein FtsZ, as the citrate, GDP, and GTPgammaS complexes, determined at 1.89, 2.60, and 2.08A resolution. MtbFtsZ crystallized as a tight, laterally oriented dimer distinct from the longitudinal polymer observed for alphabeta-tubulin. Mutational data on Escherichia coli(More)
Recent studies examining the molecular mechanisms of isoniazid (INH) resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis have demonstrated that a significant percentage of drug-resistant strains are mutated in the katG gene which encodes a catalase-peroxidase, and the majority of these alterations are missense mutations which result in the substitution of a single(More)
In order to probe the structure and function of the mycobacterial catalase-peroxidase enzyme (KatG), we employed a genetic approach using dominant-negative analysis of katG merodiploids. Transformation of Mycobacterium bovis BCG with various katG point mutants (expressed from low-copy-number plasmids) resulted in reductions in peroxidase and catalase(More)
As the global threat of drug- and antibiotic-resistant bacteria continues to rise, new strategies are required to advance the drug discovery process. This work describes the construction of an array of Escherichia coli strains for use in whole-cell screens to identify new antimicrobial compounds. We used the recombination systems from bacteriophages lambda(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the potential for delafloxacin to select for resistant mutants in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), including isolates with existing mutations in the quinolone resistance determining region (QRDR). METHODS Susceptibility testing by broth microdilution was performed on 30 MRSA clinical isolates. For four of these(More)
New and improved antibiotics are urgently needed to combat the ever-increasing number of multidrug-resistant bacteria. In this study, we characterized several members of a new oxazolidinone family, R chi-01. This antibiotic family is distinguished by having in vitro and in vivo activity against hospital-acquired, as well as community-acquired, pathogens. We(More)
Escherichia coli under-expressing lepB was utilized to test cellular inhibition of signal peptidase I (SPase). For the construction of a lepB regulatable strain, the E. coli lepB gene was cloned into pBAD, with expression dependent on L-arabinose. The chromosomal copy of lepB was replaced with a kanamycin resistance gene, which was subsequently removed.(More)
Several late stages of the oligodendrocyte (OL) developmental lineage can be identified immunologically in the newborn rat brain. However, OL lineage-specific markers are not available for the detection of the less mature, yet determined, OL precursors. We have developed a retrospective bioassay, combining limiting dilution analysis with a novel culture(More)
Most organisms form Cys-tRNA(Cys), an essential component for protein synthesis, through the action of cysteinyl-tRNA synthetase (CysRS). However, the genomes of Methanocaldococcus jannaschii, Methanothermobacter thermautotrophicus, and Methanopyrus kandleri do not contain a recognizable cysS gene encoding CysRS. It was reported that M. jannaschii(More)