Joseph A. Bucaro

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In this paper, we present a formulation and numerical simulation for the noninvasive determination of the material parameter ratios (i.e., the Lame parameters divided by density) of an isotropic, inhomogenous elastic medium subject to time harmonic vibration. Given a knowledge of the displacements throughout the medium, a novel implementation of a(More)
We present a novel extension of standard magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) measurement and analysis methods, which is applicable in cases where the medium is characterized by waveguides or fiber bundles (i.e., muscle) leading to constrained propagation of elastic waves. As a demonstration of this new method, MRI is utilized to identify the pathways of(More)
ÐMultiaspect target identification is effected by fusing the features extracted from multiple scattered waveforms; these waveforms are characteristic of viewing the target from a sequence of distinct orientations. Classification is performed in the maximum-likelihood sense, which we show, under reasonable assumptions, can be implemented via a hidden Markov(More)
The performance of an inversion algorithm is investigated when applied to measured displacement data for a determination of the material parameters /sup /spl lambda/+2/spl mu////sub /spl rho// (longitudinal wave velocity squared) and /sup /spl mu////sub /spl rho// (shear wave velocity squared) throughout an inhomogeneous test phantom. The vector(More)
Identification algorithms are considered for a class of targets situated near the bottom of a water channel. It is assumed that the target-sensor distance relative to the channel depth is such that a ray-based representation of the scattered fields is appropriate (vis-à-vis a modal representation). Two approaches are considered for processing the scattered(More)
The broadband bistatic target strengths (TSs) of two submerged unexploded ordnance (UXO) targets have been measured in the NRL sediment pool facility. The targets-a 5 in. rocket and a 155 mm projectile-were among the targets whose monostatic TSs were measured and reported previously by the authors. Bistatic TS measurements were made for 0 degrees (target(More)
A zero-power ballast control system that could be used to float and submerge a device solely using a gas source was built and tested. This system could be used to convey sensors, data loggers, and communication devices necessary for water quality monitoring and other applications by periodically maneuvering up and down a water column. Operational parameters(More)
A method for detecting sound using a single step-index multimode fiber is presented. The detected signal results from differences in acoustically induced phase shifts between two different waveguide modes propagating in the fiber. The relative sensitivity of this technique compared with a two-path interferometer was experimentally determined and agreed with(More)
In this paper, the feasibility of extending previously described magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) dynamic displacement (and associated elasticity) measurement techniques, currently used successfully in tissue, to solid materials which have much higher shear rigidity and much lower nuclear spin densities, is considered. Based on these considerations,(More)