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The methylation of internal adenosine residues in eukaryotic mRNA, forming N6-methyladenosine (m6A), is catalyzed by a complex multicomponent enzyme. Previous studies suggested that m6A affects the efficiency of mRNA processing or transport, although the mechanism by which this occurs is not known. As a step toward better understanding the mechanism and(More)
BACKGROUND Fosbretabulin is a novel vascular-disrupting agent that has antitumor activity against anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) cell lines, xenografts, and demonstrable efficacy in a phase I trial. This phase II study determined the efficacy and safety of fosbretabulin in patients with advanced ATC and whether fosbretabulin altered the natural history of(More)
5545 Background: EGFR is highly expressed in SCCHN, representing a promising therapeutic target. Erlotinib (E) is an EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor that may potentiate the efficacy of concurrent radiation (RT) and docetaxel (D). We sought to establish the MTD, toxicities and preliminary efficacy of the combination of RT, D and E in patients (pts) with(More)
N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is present at internal sites in mRNA isolated from all higher eukaryotes, but has not previously been detected in the mRNA of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. This nucleoside modification occurs only in a sequence- specific context that appears to be conserved across diverse species. The function of this modification is not fully(More)
N6-Methyladenosine is found at internal positions of mRNA in higher eukaryotes. This post-transcriptional modification occurs at a frequency of one to three methylation/average mRNA molecule in mammalian cell lines and is sequence-specific. A highly conserved consensus recognition site for the methyltransferase has been determined from both viral and(More)
The N6-methylation of internal adenosine residues is a common post-transcriptional modification of eukaryotic pre-mRNA sequences. An in vitro methylation system which retains the precise selectivity of in vivo methylation sites has been used to further define the nature of RNA site recognition. In addition to short consensus sequences, other structural(More)
PURPOSE Bevacizumab is an antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor; sunitinib is an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor and related receptors. The safety and maximum tolerated dose of sunitinib plus bevacizumab was assessed in this phase I trial. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Patients with advanced solid tumors were treated on a 3+3 trial(More)
cAMP regulates transcription of the gene encoding the alpha-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in choriocarcinoma cells (BeWo). To define the sequences required for regulation by cAMP, we inserted fragments from the 5' flanking region of the alpha-subunit gene into a test vector containing the simian virus 40 early promoter (devoid of its(More)
The single-copy gene encoding the alpha subunit of glycoprotein hormones is expressed in the pituitaries of all mammals and in the placentas of only primates and horses. We have systematically analyzed the promoter-regulatory elements of the human and bovine alpha-subunit genes to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying their divergent patterns of(More)
Human U6 small nuclear RNA (U6 snRNA), an abundant snRNA required for splicing of pre-mRNAs, contains several post-transcriptional modifications including a single m6A (N-6-methyladenosine) at position 43. This A-43 residue is critical for the function of U6 snRNA in splicing of pre-mRNAs. Yeast and plant U6 snRNAs also contain m6A in the corresponding(More)