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Since the discovery of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and lymphotoxin, many structurally related factors have been elucidated in mammals that are grouped together in the TNF Ligand Superfamily. These factors have profound pleiotropic roles involving inflammation, apoptosis, cell proliferation and stimulation of the immune system. TNF has only been isolated(More)
A primary cell culture system was used to obtain differentiated rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) macrophages that were stimulated with Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS-10 microg/ml) for 12 h in vitro. Messenger RNA from the LPS-stimulated cells was used to create two cDNA libraries from which a total of 1048 sequences were analyzed. A large(More)
Cyclic AMP is an important second messenger in the coordinated regulation of cellular metabolism. Its effects are mediated by cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA), which is assembled from two regulatory (R) and two catalytic (C) subunits. In mice there are four R genes (encoding RI alpha, RI beta, RII alpha, and RII beta) and two C gene (encoding C alpha and(More)
A partial cDNA with significant similarity to IL-6 was identified in rainbow trout. Rapid amplification of cDNA ends was used to obtain the full sequence of the trout IL-6 homolog which contains 1180 nucleotides. The transcript encodes a predicted protein of 219 amino acids and eight instability motifs in the 3'UTR. While the complete sequence of the trout(More)
Previous studies from our laboratory have shown that salmon gonadotropins GTH I and GTH II have similar effects on testicular steroidogenesis in vitro. To determine whether the relative potencies of GTH I and GTH II changed during late stages of spermatogenesis, the effects of GTH I and GTH II on in vitro steroid production by testicular tissue from fish in(More)
Insulin and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) receptors were quantified in glycoprotein fractions prepared by wheat germ agglutinin-agarose affinity chromatography from skeletal muscle of several species of salmonid fish and carp. Insulin binding in fish skeletal muscle was lower than insulin binding found in rat. IGF-1-specific binding was two- to(More)
The effects of insulin titres on regulation of receptor binding were studied in several fish species. Insulin receptors were semi-purified by affinity chromatography (WGA-agarose) from skeletal muscle of carp, brown trout and rainbow trout that had been subjected to increases in insulinemia produced either by arginine injection, food administration, or(More)
The Senegalese sole, Solea senegalensis, is a highly prized flatfish of growing commercial interest for aquaculture in Southern Europe. However, despite the industrial production of Senegalese sole being hampered primarily by lack of information on the physiological mechanisms involved in reproduction, growth and immunity, very limited genomic information(More)
In this study, receptors for insulin and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in isolated theca-interstitial layers and granulosa cells of the coho salmon preovulatory ovary were characterized, and the effects of IGF-I on ovarian steroidogenesis were examined. Specific receptors for insulin and IGF-I were found in granulosa and theca-interstitial layers. In(More)
We have recently cloned a glucose transporter from brown trout muscle (btGLUT) with high sequence homology to mammalian GLUT4 that is predominantly expressed in red and white skeletal muscle, the two major sites of glucose uptake in trout. To study the physiological regulation of this putative fish GLUT4, we have investigated the expression of btGLUT in red(More)