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Hospital admissions due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations have a major impact on the disease evolution and costs. The current authors postulated that a simple and well-standardised, low-intensity integrated care intervention can be effective to prevent such hospitalisations. Therefore, 155 exacerbated COPD patients (17% females)(More)
Intimal enlargement of pulmonary arteries is an early change in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The cellular and extracellular components that are involved in this enlargement are unknown. The present study was designed to characterize the structural changes occurring in pulmonary muscular arteries in the initial disease stages. Lung specimens(More)
Genetic factors play a role in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) but are poorly understood. A number of candidate genes have been proposed on the basis of the pathogenesis of COPD. These include the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) genes which play a role in tissue remodelling and fit in with the protease - antiprotease imbalance theory for the(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasingly considered a heterogeneous condition. It was hypothesised that COPD, as currently defined, includes different clinically relevant subtypes. METHODS To identify and validate COPD subtypes, 342 subjects hospitalised for the first time because of a COPD exacerbation were recruited. Three(More)
Endothelial dysfunction and intimal thickening have been shown in pulmonary arteries (PA) of patients with mild chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To investigate whether an inflammatory process related to tobacco smoking might be involved in the development of pulmonary vascular abnormalities in COPD, we characterized the inflammatory cell(More)
Post-training downregulation of muscle tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression and decrease in cellular TNF-alpha levels have been reported in the elderly. It is hypothesised that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients may not show these adaptations due to their reduced ability to increase muscle(More)
Maximal O2 delivery and O2 uptake (VO2) per 100 g of active muscle mass are far greater during knee extensor (KE) than during cycle exercise: 73 and 60 ml. min-1. 100 g-1 (2.4 kg of muscle) (R. S. Richardson, D. R. Knight, D. C. Poole, S. S. Kurdak, M. C. Hogan, B. Grassi, and P. D. Wagner. Am. J. Physiol. 268 (Heart Circ. Physiol. 37): H1453-H1461, 1995)(More)
RATIONALE Sildenafil, a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, could be useful for treating pulmonary hypertension (PH) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, vasodilators may inhibit hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction and impair gas exchange in this condition. OBJECTIVES To assess the acute hemodynamic and gas exchange effects of sildenafil in(More)
BACKGROUND Nasal polyposis (NP) is not a life-threatening disorder but may have a great impact on the quality of life (QoL). The objective of this study: (i) to investigate the health burden incurred by NP compared with the Spanish general population using the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire; (ii) to compare the QoL outcome after medical(More)