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Photosystem I reaction center from the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp PCC6803 was reconstituted into phosphatidylcholine/phosphatidic acid liposomes. Liposomes prepared by reversephase evaporation were treated with various amounts of different detergents and protein incorporation was analyzed at each step of the solubilization process. After detergent(More)
Studies of the interaction of the 16 residue fusion peptide domain of human immunodeficiency virus glycoprotein gp41 (gp41(FD)) with T lymphocytes are outlined. Fluorescence measurements of changes in the electrostatic surface and dipole potentials of the plasma membrane following the interaction with gp41(FD) are described. The results show that gp41(FD)(More)
The relationship between the dipole potential and the interaction of the mitochondrial amphipathic signal sequence known as p25 with model membranes has been studied using 1-(3-sulfonatopropyl)-4-[beta[2-(di-n-octyl-amino)-6-naphthyl]viny l] pyridinium betaine (di-8-ANEPPS) as a fluorescent probe. The dipole potential of phosphatidylcholine membranes was(More)
The simian immunodeficiency virus fusion peptide constitutes a 12-residue N-terminal segment of the gp32 protein that is involved in the fusion between the viral and cellular membranes, facilitating the penetration of the virus in the host cell. Simian immunodeficiency virus fusion peptide is a hydrophobic peptide that in Me(2)SO forms aggregates that(More)
Differential scanning calorimetry has been used to characterize the influence of specific nucleotide binding on the thermal unfolding of the F0F1-type ATP synthase from the thermophilic Bacillus PS3 (TF0F1). The calorimetric trace shows an irreversible and kinetically controlled endothermic transition for TF0F1 in the absence of nucleotides. The thermal(More)
The process of liposome solubilization and reconstitution of two transport proteins have been studied using Chaps and Chapso (3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-2- hydroxy-1-propanesulfonate). The solubilization of unilamellar liposomes was followed by absorption experiments and the process was shown to fit well to the three-stage model previously(More)
The influence of adenine nucleotides and Mg2+ on the thermal denaturation of mitochondrial F1-ATPase (MF1) was analyzed. Differential scanning calorimetry in combination with ATPase activity experiments revealed the thermal unfolding of MF1 as an irreversible and kinetically controlled process. Three significant elements were analyzed during the thermal(More)
The interaction of the so-called fusion peptide of the human immunodeficiency virus gp41 envelope glycoprotein with the target cell membrane is believed to trigger the fusion process which allows the entry of the virus into the cell. Many studies on the interaction of the fusion peptide with biological membranes have been carried out using synthetic(More)
Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP)/ribonuclease 3 is a member of the RNase A superfamily involved in inflammatory processes mediated by eosinophils. ECP is bactericidal, helminthotoxic, and cytotoxic to tracheal epithelium cells and to several mammalian cell lines although its RNase activity is low. We studied the thermal stability of ECP by(More)
Amyloid plaques composed of proteinaceous aggregates are commonly found in brains affected by Alzheimer's disease and spongiform encephalopaties. A structural homology has been recently described for the Alzheimer's peptide Abeta1-28 and the segment of the prion protein Prp185-208. In the present paper, further elements in common are reported: the(More)