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Background: General anaesthetics inhibit mitochondrial function in animal models. However, very few studies have been performed in humans, and the results have not been conclusive. Methods: We prospectively studied the oxygen consumption and the individual enzyme activity of each complex of the mitochondrial respiratory chain of skeletal muscle mitochondria(More)
Mitochondria constitute a source of reactive oxygen species. We tested whether mitochondrial function from human circulating lymphocytes is affected by smoking habit and if this could be associated with an increase in oxidative damage of biological membranes. We prospectively studied 35 smokers and 35 non-smoking healthy individuals matched by age and sex,(More)
Increased oxidative damage seems to be a relevant mechanism in the pathophysiology of patients with an acute carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. We have investigated the degree of membrane oxidative damage through the assessment of lipid peroxidation in circulating lymphocytes from five patients acutely intoxicated by CO. Since mitochondria are a major source(More)
OBJECTIVE Chronic smoking has been associated with diverse mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) dysfunction in lymphocytes, although inhibition of complex IV activity is the most consistent and relevant finding. These mitochondrial abnormalities have been proposed to contribute to pathogenesis of diseases associated with tobacco consumption. We assessed(More)
BACKGROUND Harmful effects of chronic ethanol intake on liver mitochondria have been clearly demonstrated; however, mitochondria from skeletal muscle are preserved, and the effect of ethanol on heart mitochondria remains controversial. We assessed individual enzyme activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) complexes and membrane oxidative damage of(More)
Poisoning by smoke is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in fires. Smoke is a mixture of carbonaceous particles suspended in hot air and toxic gases. Of these, carbon monoxide (CO) and primarily hydrocyanic acid (CNH), are those that provoke tissue anoxia. The clinical manifestations of smoke poisoning are variables. Some of the potential(More)
Smoking causes a decrease of mitochondrial complex IV activity in chronic smokers. However, it is not known if this toxic effect is due to the acute effect of cigarette smoke itself or is a secondary phenomenon related to other smoking factors. The study assessed mitochondrial respiratory chain function in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 15 healthy(More)
To analyze adhesion molecule expression on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and on different lymphocyte subpopulations (CD2+, CD8+, CD19+, and CD56+ subsets) in chronic alcoholism, 30 well-nourished chronic alcoholics without ethanol-related diseases and 30 matched controls were included in the study. Adhesion molecules that mediate adhesion to(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Emergency department (ED) overcrowding has been increasing over the last years. The aims are to define ED overcrowding, and to determine and quantify which factors explain it. PATIENTS AND METHOD For 3 consecutive weeks throughout 3 years (2000-2002), we recorded every 3-hour period, the arrivals, the occupancy rate (OR) of(More)
AIM The aim of the study was to establish a triage flowchart to rule out acute coronary syndrome (ACS) among patients with chest pain (CP) arriving on an Emergency Department (ED). PATIENTS AND METHOD This prospective observational study included 1000 consecutive patients with CP arriving on an ED CP unit. Demographic and clinical characteristics along(More)