Josep M. Porta

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We propose a novel approach to optimize Partially Observable Markov Decisions Processes (POMDPs) defined on continuous spaces. To date, most algorithms for model-based POMDPs are restricted to discrete states, actions, and observations, but many real-world problems such as, for instance, robot navigation, are naturally defined on continuous spaces. In this(More)
Pose SLAM is the variant of simultaneous localization and map building (SLAM) is the variant of SLAM, in which only the robot trajectory is estimated and where landmarks are only used to produce relative constraints between robot poses. To reduce the computational cost of the information filter form of Pose SLAM and, at the same time, to delay inconsistency(More)
This paper presents a new method to isolate all configurations that a multiloop linkage can adopt. The problem is tackled by means of formulation and resolution techniques that fit particularly well together. The adopted formulation yields a system of simple equations (only containing linear, bilinear, and quadratic monomials, and trivial trigonometric(More)
A vision-based robot localization system must be robust: able to keep track of the position of the robot at any time, even if illumination conditions change and, in the extreme case of a failure, able to efficiently recover the correct position of the robot. With this objective in mind, we enhance the existing appearance-based robot localization framework(More)
We present a value iteration algorithm for learning to act in Partially Observable Markov Decision Processes (POMDPs) with continuous state spaces. Mainstream POMDP research focuses on the discrete case and this complicates its application to, e.g., robotic problems that are naturally modeled using continuous state spaces. The main difficulty in defining a(More)
We present an algorithm to simultaneously recover non-rigid shape and camera poses from point correspondences between a reference shape and a sequence of input images. The key novel contribution of our approach is in bringing the tools of the probabilistic SLAM methodology from a rigid to a deformable domain. Under the assumption that the shape may be(More)
In many relevant path planning problems, loop closure constraints reduce the configuration space to a manifold embedded in the higher-dimensional joint ambient space. Whereas many progresses have been done to solve path planning problems in the presence of obstacles, only few work consider loop closure constraints. In this paper, we present the AtlasRRT(More)
Appearance-based autonomous robot localization has some advantages over landmarkbased localization as, for instance, the simplicity of the processes applied to the sensor readings. The main drawback of appearance-based localization is that it requires a map including images taken at known positions in the environment where the robot is expected to move. In(More)
The maps that are built by standard feature-based simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) methods cannot be directly used to compute paths for navigation, unless enriched with obstacle or traversability information, with the consequent increase in complexity. Here, we propose a method that directly uses the Pose SLAM graph of constraints to determine(More)
The situation arising in path planning under kinematic constraints, where the valid configurations define a manifold embedded in the joint ambient space, can be seen as a limit case of the well-known narrow corridor problem. With kinematic constraints, the probability of obtaining a valid configuration by sampling in the joint ambient space is not low but(More)