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To better understand the functional organization of the mammillary nuclei, we investigated the afferents to this nuclear complex in the rat with iontophoretically injected wheat germ agglutinin conjugated to horseradish peroxidase. Particular attention was paid to tracing local hypothalamic afferents to these nuclei. Injections into the medial mammillary(More)
We have carried out a semi-quantitative ultrastructural study to determine the characteristics and distribution of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-containing constituents of the anterodorsal (AD) and anteroventral (AV) thalamic nuclei in adult rats. We used a polyclonal antibody to GABA and a postembedding immunogold detection method in animals in which the(More)
Localization and possible co-localization of glutamate, aspartate and GABA immunoreactivities was examined in the anterior thalamic nuclei, retrosplenial granular cortex, thalamic reticular nucleus and mammillary nuclei of the rat by double antigen immunohistochemistry using diaminobenzidine and benzidine dihydrochloride in one series and double(More)
We have used retrograde transport and immunohistochemistry to study glutamate, aspartate, and enkephalin-like immunoreactive pathways from the mammillary nuclei to the anterior nuclei of the thalamus. Injections of wheat germ agglutinin conjugated to horseradish peroxidase into the anterodorsal thalamic nucleus resulted in retrogradely labelled cell bodies(More)
We have used retrograde and anterograde labelling with wheat germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase and immunohistochemistry with antibodies against glutamate and aspartate to examine the reciprocal connections between the anterior thalamic nuclei and the retrosplenial granular cortex in the rat, and to characterize those projection neurones that contain(More)
The influence of diet and age on the area of lesion and on the neuronal density in the cerebral cortex was studied in rats following local injections of the amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta1-40) in PBS vehicle into the left frontal and cingulate cortices and compared with effects of injections of PBS alone into the corresponding regions of the right hemisphere(More)
The presence and distribution of dopaminergic neurons and terminals in the hypothalamus of the rat were studied by tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) immunohistochemistry. Strongly labelled TH-immunoreactive neurons were seen in the dorsomedial hypothalamic nucleus, periventricular region, zona incerta, arcuate nucleus, and supramammillary nucleus. A few TH-positive(More)
Glutamate metabotropic receptors (mGluRs) in bovine brain coated vesicles have been characterized by pharmacological and kinetic binding experiments. Saturation experiments revealed a single binding site with a Kd = 607.9 +/- 78.5 nM and a Bmax = 6.45 +/- 0.88 pmol/mg protein. The specific binding of L-[3H]glutamate to mGluRs is regulated by guanine(More)
Retrograde labelling was combined with immunohistochemistry to localize neurons containing choline acetyltransferase, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), glutamate, serotonin, somatostatin, Leu-enkephalin, neurotensin, and substance P-immunoreactivity in neurons projecting to the supramammillary nucleus in the rat. Injections of wheat germ agglutinin conjugated(More)
Chronic treatment of rats with R-PIA 'in vivo' desensitized adenosine A1 receptor-mediated inhibition of adenylyl cyclase in brain plasma membranes and increased basal and forskolin-stimulated adenylyl cyclase. The adenosine A1 receptor agonist CHA (cyclohexyl adenosine) inhibited forskolin-stimulated adenylyl cyclase in synaptic plasma membranes from(More)