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BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to know whether the human reaction to the Mantoux test with 5 UT of PPD RT 23 is similar to that achieved with the same test but with 2 UT of the same substance. METHODS A simultaneous double Mantoux test was used at doses of 2 UT and another of 5 UT of the same trade mark of tuberculin PPD RT 23 with Tween 80 in 2,575(More)
SETTING Passive smoking-related respiratory disorders in children. OBJECTIVES To assess the effect of passive smoking on the development of active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in children immediately following infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis within the family. DESIGN An unmatched case-control study in which 93 contacts who became cases (active(More)
A retrospective cohort study was carried out on 729 hypertensive patients (male and female 40 years and older) in Hospitalet de Llobregat (Barcelona, Spain) to assess possible differences between the mortality of this group of hypertensives and the general population of the same area matched by age and sex. Patient mortality was assessed during a six year(More)
With the aim of designing a strategy for vaccination against varicella-zoster virus (VZV), the results of a seroepidemiological survey on VZV infection carried out in a sample of the population of Catalonia are presented. Representative samples from schoolchildren (30 schools) and adults (97 municipal areas) were obtained by random cluster sampling. In the(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the risk factors of hepatitis A virus infection (HAV) in a representative sample of a Catalonian population obtained from 1995 to 1996 and the changes in the prevalence of this infection over the period of 1989-1996. SUBJECTS AND METHODS The prevalence of anti-HAV was determined by an(More)
The aim of the study was to describe the impact of hepatitis B vaccination and disease incidence in adolescents and young people 12 years after the launching of a mass hepatitis B vaccination of pre-adolescents in schools. Vaccination coverage was assessed using administrative and serological data. Infection trends were evaluated by means of(More)
BACKGROUND Seroepidemiologic studies carried out in different countries show that the prevalence of markers for infection by hepatitis A (HVA) is progressively decreasing in relation with improvement in the level of health care. The prevalence of anti-HVA in Catalunya and the factors related with infection by HVA were studied in order to obtain bases for(More)
The prevalence of hepatitis B markers was determined in a representative sample of the general population of Catalonia (Spain). HBsAg was found in 0.5% of children (less than 15 years of age) and in 1.7% of adults (more than 15 years of age), and anti HBs in 1.6% and 18%, respectively. Age-specific prevalence for both markers showed a low risk for hepatitis(More)
The incidence of Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus was prospectively evaluated in Catalonia, Spain in patients up to 30 years of age during the period 1987-1990. The population at risk (0-29 years) consisted of 2,690,394 inhabitants (total population of Catalonia 5,978,638). All the cases were independently identified from four sources:(More)
In an investigation of 113 cases of clenbuterol poisoning in Catalonia, Spain, in 1992, more than 50 percent of those affected were found to have had symptoms of nervousness, tachycardia, muscle tremors, myalgia, and headache. There was no significant difference in the distribution of symptoms according to sex (P = 0.97). The period of incubation varied(More)