Josep L. Carrasco

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The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and the concordance correlation coefficient (CCC) are two of the most popular measures of agreement for variables measured on a continuous scale. Here, we demonstrate that ICC and CCC are the same measure of agreement estimated in two ways: by the variance components procedure and by the moment method. We propose(More)
The assessment of the association between a candidate locus and a disease may require the assumption of an inheritance model. Most researchers select the additive model and test the association with the Cochran-Armitage trend test. This test assumes a dose-response effect with regard to the number of copies of the variant allele. However, if there is reason(More)
The purpose of this paper is to review some of the methods that several epidemiological studies use to evaluate the adherence of a population to the Mediterranean diet pattern. Among these methods, diet indexes attempt to make a global evaluation of the quality of the diet based on a traditional Mediterranean reference pattern, described as a priori,(More)
The concordance correlation coefficient is commonly used to assess agreement between two raters or two methods of measuring a response when the data are measured on a continuous scale. However, the situation may arise in which repeated measurements are taken for each rater or method, e.g. longitudinal studies in clinical trials or bioassay data with(More)
Diagnosis of dementia of the Alzheimer's type depends on clinical criteria and exclusion of other disorders because, at this time, a validated biological marker, aside from histological brain examination, remains to be established. The canine counterpart of senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (ccSDAT) is considered a promising model for examining(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined associations between two Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence indexes (the MD index, MDI, and the MD score, MDS) and several blood biomarkers of diet and disease. SUBJECTS We studied 328 individuals from Catalonia (Northeastern Spain), ages 18-75, who provided fasting blood samples, a subset of the 2346 individuals as part of a larger(More)
In the diagnostic area, the usual setting considers two populations: nondiseased and diseased. The use of the standard ROC analysis methodology is well established. Sometimes, however, diagnostic problems inherently include more than two classification states. For example, 'yes, uncertain, no' or 'low, normal, high'. Here we consider a three-normal(More)
The structural equation model (SEM) is introduced as a useful approach for assessing individual bio-equivalence. SEM parameters are estimated using a partial likelihood analysis and the hypotheses of individual bioequivalence is evaluated in a disaggregate way, testing separately the hypothesis concerning SEM parameters, and assessing the overall hypothesis(More)
The specific functional and pathological alterations observed in Alzheimer's disease are less severe in the cerebellum than in other brain areas, particularly the entorhinal cortex and hippocampus. Since dense core amyloid-beta plaque formation has been associated with an acetylcholinesterase heterogeneous nucleator action, we examined if an(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE We decided to assess the geographical variability of the incidence of Type 1 diabetes in Catalonia (Spain) in subjects younger than 30 years at onset during the period 1989-1998. The effect of sex, age at onset, periods of years, and population density was also analyzed. MATERIAL AND METHODS Data were obtained from the prospective(More)