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Quantal organization of reflex and conditioned eyelid responses. J. Neurophysiol. 78: 2518-2530, 1997. Upper lid movements and the electromyographic activity of the orbicularis oculi muscle were recorded in behaving cats during spontaneous and experimentally evoked reflex blinks, and conditioned eyelid responses. Reflex blinks evoked by the presentation of(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine outcomes in local-regional control and overall survival in patients with squamous locally advanced cancer of the oral cavity, based on intention-to-treat with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery or radiation therapy. METHODS Two hundred and four out of 1,089 patients analyzed met the defined criteria. All had squamous cell(More)
Transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha) is a polypeptide which binds to epidermal growth factor-receptor (EGF-R) to carry out its function. We have observed strong TGF-alpha immunoreactivity in the developing and adult choroid plexus of the rat and chicken and glial cells of adult rats, by using a well characterized monoclonal antibody and the(More)
Optic nerve hypoplasia is seen in 50% of patients diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome and is due to a defect in the development of retinal ganglion cells. Somatostatin may influence the development of retinal ganglion cells, so we studied the effect of in vivo ethanol exposure on somatostatin expression in the developing retina. Somatostatin concentration(More)
Hepatocyte proliferation was analyzed in vivo during the time course of continuous administration to rats of the liver tumor promoter ethinyl estradiol (EE) at 10 p.p.m. in the diet. EE-induced acute liver hyperplasia was detected in male and female Sprague-Dawley rats as an increased mitotic index of hepatocytes after 2 days of treatment.(More)
A two-stage model of hepatocarcinogenesis is used to study the effect of exposure time to ethinyl estradiol (EE) on promotion of preneoplastic lesions in rat liver induced by diethylnitrosamine (DEN). Young male and female Sprague-Dawley rats initiated by a single dose of DEN (100 mg/kg) were subjected to different times of EE administration incorporated(More)
Enzyme biochemical and histochemical assays during chemical carcinogenesis in rat liver have revealed that several adult enzyme activities are lost and some fetal enzyme activities are re-expressed in the hyperplastic foci as well as in the developed hepatomas. How these enzyme alterations are acquired and to what extent these changes are specifically(More)
Growth factors in general and transforming growth factor-alpha in particular have been related to cell proliferation and cell differentiation. This study was designed to clarify the distribution pattern of TGF-alpha in chemically-induced hepatocarcinogenesis. Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to different non-intensive or intensive carcinogenic treatments(More)