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Obesity is a health problem that is reaching epidemic proportions. Extreme obesity (body mass index [BMI] > or =40 kg/m2) is a type of obesity that usually does not respond to medical treatment, with surgery being the current treatment of choice. Extreme obesity is associated with cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension.(More)
AIMS To evaluate the effect of weight loss after bariatric surgery (BS) on peripheral adipocytokines, renal parameters and other cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs). METHODS A total of 70 (41 women) extremely obese adults were prospectively studied before and 12 months after surgery. CONTROLS 24 (15 women) normal-weight adults. Anthropometric,(More)
INTRODUCTION Various studies describe the pleiotropic antiinflammatory and antioxidant effects of atorvastatin, in addition to its hypolipemic effects. It has been suggested that statins modify glucose homeostasis via their antiinflammatory effects. A further hypothesis suggests that the incidence of posttransplantation diabetes is lower in statin-treated(More)
Criteria for renal biopsy in proteinuric type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients have been not defined. Usually criteria for renal biopsy in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) are used (microhaematuria, absence of diabetic retinopathy (DR), uncharacteristic change in renal function or immunological abnormalities). The aim of this study was to reconsider the(More)
Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a common complication in patients with chronic kidney disease and frequently persists after kidney transplantation. Paricalcitol, a selective vitamin D receptor activator, is indicated in the management of this disorder and recent evidences have suggested that this drug has other beneficial effects. Aiming to elucidate these(More)
BACKGROUND Podocyte injury is associated with many forms of human and experimental proteinuric glomerular disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the level of nephrin expression in a model of obesity and type II diabetes mellitus, the obese Zucker rat, as well as to investigate whether nephrin expression is influenced by treatment with quinapril(More)
INTRODUCTION The main objective was to compare the mean change in augmentation index of hypertensive patients treated with nebivolol or atenolol. METHODS Multicenter, double-blind randomized study conducted in six Spanish centers. We enrolled outpatients between the ages of 40 and 65 years with mild or moderate essential hypertension (systolic blood(More)
BACKGROUND Podocyte proteins are involved in the pathogenesis of glomerular kidney disease (GKD). However, there is little information on messenger RNA (mRNA) expression patterns of B7-1 and NPHS1 in urinary sediment of patients with GKD. The objective of this study was to analyse the gene expression of B7-1 in urinary sediment and correlate it with the(More)
BACKGROUND New-onset diabetes mellitus after transplantation (NODAT) is a severe complication of kidney transplantation (KTx) with negative effects upon patient and graft survival. Several risk factors for NODAT have been described; however, the search for an early predictive marker is ongoing. It has recently been demonstrated that high concentrations of(More)