Joselito M. Arocena

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Piloderma fallax is an ectomycorrhizal fungus commonly associated with several conifer and hardwood species. We examined the formation of calcium oxalate crystals by P. fallax in response to calcium (0.0, 0.1, 0.5, 1, and 5 mM) and phosphorus (0.1 and 6 mM) additions in modified Melin-Norkrans agar medium. Both calcium and phosphorus supplementation(More)
Brassica juncea (Indian mustard) has been widely used in phytoremediation because of its capacity to accumulate high levels of chromium (Cr) and other metals. The present study was conducted to investigate mechanism(s) involved in Cr binding and sequestration by B. juncea. The plants were grown under greenhouse conditions in field-moist or air-dried soils,(More)
Piloderma species are broad-host-range fungi associated with a wide variety of conifer and hardwood species to form ectomycorrhizae (ECM). In this study, we investigated the hypha crystals collected from Piloderma– Picea glauca× engelmannii ECM as an initial step in the elucidation of the role of mycorrhizal fungi in mineral weathering and nutrient cycling.(More)
Chloropyromorphite (Pb(PO)Cl), CP, is the most stable lead (Pb) mineral under normal environmental conditions and precipitates in Pb-contaminated soils by addition of phosphorous (P). A sand culture experiment was conducted to evaluate the efficiency of and roots to dissolve CP in the presence and in the absence of P source. The results showed that the(More)
The long-term stability of pyromorphite [Pb(5)(PO(4))(3)Cl] (PY) in root-soil interface (or rhizosphere) where production of organic acids from biological activities takes place is not fully understood. We conducted a 1-year long laboratory batch dissolution experiment to elucidate the release of Pb (and P) from PY by four commonly occurring low molecular(More)
Street dust and soil from high, medium and low populated cities and natural area were analysed for selected physical-chemical properties, total and chemical speciation of Zn, Pb, Cu, Cr, Cd, Co, Ni to understand the influence of human activities on metal accumulation and mobility in the environment. The pH, salinity, carbonates and organic carbon contents(More)
Adsorption of anionic dye - Orange II - in aqueous solution onto hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HDTMA)-coated zeolite (HCZ) reached 38.96mg/g compared with 8.13mg/g onto natural zeolite. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) data showed that HDTMA-coated zeolite developed surficial(More)
Mercury releases from artisanal and small-scale gold mines (ASGM) condense and settle on plants, soils and water bodies. We collected soil and plant samples to add knowledge to the likely transfer of Hg from soils into plants and eventually predict Hg accumulation in livestock around ASGM in Bolivia. Mean contents of Hg in soils range from 0.5 to 48.6 mg Hg(More)
Balancing recreation and conservation is an important issue in Canada's parks and protected areas. Increased levels of visitation to parks, especially to backcountry areas, create undue pressure on natural resources, resulting in a variety of ecological impacts. This paper illustrates the issue of visitor-induced changes on the chemical composition of soils(More)
In situ remediation of lead (Pb)-contaminated soils via phosphate amendments has been extensively used to immobilize Pb as pyromorphite. However, in phosphorus (P) deficient soils, plants may develop extensive root systems to access P in any P-containing minerals, thereby affecting the stability of Pb5 (PO4)3Cl (Chloropyromorphite; CP). We grew Brassica(More)