Josefina F. Llena

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Four cases of meningeal tumors in adults (ages ranging from 28 to 84 years) are presented. All had the typical gross appearance of meningiomas at operation. In three tumors, areas of meningothelial or fibroblastic meningiomas showed transition to cell groups of the rhabdoid type. In the fourth case only rhabdoid cells were encountered, possibly representing(More)
This report concerns the study of synaptophysin (SP) expression in the anterior horn of three cases of lower motor neuron disease (L-MND). All patients studied had anterior horn cell degeneration without neuropathological evidence of corticospinal tract degeneration. Spinal cords from six patients with no neurological disease served as controls.(More)
The nature of senile plaques (SP) in the striatum in 14 cases of Alzheimer's disease (AD) was investigated with the modified Bielschowsky stain and immunohistochemistry using antibodies to a β amyloid synthetic peptide, ubiquitin, tau protein, and paired helical filaments (PHF). Striatal SP, composed of β amyloid deposits with or without neuritic elements,(More)
Brains from 53 autopsied acquired immune defieciency syndrome (AIDS) cases were examined with special attention to microglial nodules and multinucleated giant cells, which are two histological features of AIDS encephalopathy. Twenty-four (45%) of the 53 brains had microglial nodules in varying frequency. Four of these had microglial nodules alone and the(More)
Senile plaques (SP) in the cerebellum of 23 cases of Alzheimer's disease (AD), three with widespread amyloid angiopathy, were studied with a modified Bielschowsky stain and immunocytochemical methods using antibodies to a beta-amyloid synthetic peptide (beta ASP), phosphorylated neurofilament proteins, ubiquitin, tau protein, and glial fibrillary acidic(More)
Central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction was documented in 61 of 68 infants and children with symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus infection. The most frequent manifestations included acquired microcephaly, cognitive deficits, and bilateral pyramidal tract signs. Lymphoma of the CNS, cerebrovascular accidents, and CNS infection caused by conventional(More)
Biochemical analysis of a nonfunctional paraganglioma in the cauda equina region demonstrates that its catecholamine content is predominantly dopamine with small amounts of noradrenaline and adrenaline. Scattered mature large neurons characterize the tumor as gangliocytic paraganglioma. Ultrastructural study shows intracytoplasmic neurosecretory granules in(More)
The neuropathologic findings of brains and spinal cords removed at autopsy from 26 infants and children with AIDS is described; in two cases, only the spinal cords were available. The most common finding in the brains was dystrophic calcification of blood vessels of all calibers in the basal ganglia and deep cerebral white matter (21 og 24 cases). The next(More)
Rosai-Dorfman disease is a well-recognized clinicopathological entity, which in rare cases affects the central nervous system, where it mimics meningioma. We describe three cases and review the literature. Histological and immunohistochemical confirmation is essential for definitive diagnosis. In addition to emperipolesis (lymphophagocytosis), reactivity(More)
The central nervous system (CNS) of 221 adults and 31 infants or children with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was examined with immunocytochemistry for infectious agents and for human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) antigen (gp41). Since the major risk factor in this population was intravenous drug abuse, there were more female and pediatric(More)