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Sphingolipids are a family of lipids that play essential roles both as structural cell membrane components and in cell signalling. The cellular contents of the various sphingolipid species are controlled by enzymes involved in their metabolic pathways. In this context, the discovery of small chemical entities able to modify these enzyme activities in a(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the generation of halogenated fatty acids in the areas of fat necrosis during acute pancreatitis and to evaluate the effects of these molecules on the ensuing inflammatory process. BACKGROUND Lipid mediators derived from adipose tissue have been implicated in the progression of acute pancreatitis, although their precise role remains(More)
Dihydroceramides, the precursors of ceramides in the de novo sphingolipid synthesis, have been recently implicated in active signalling. We previously demonstrated that dihydroceramide accumulation, in response to treatment with the dihydroceramide desaturase inhibitor XM462, induced autophagy with no sign of cell death in the gastric carcinoma HCG27 cell(More)
Natural dietary components are evolutionary-selected molecules able to control inflammation and cancerous transformation and progression. Because many studies assessed the beneficial properties of key molecules extracted from grapes, we aimed at investigating the properties of Liofenol™, a natural red wine lyophilized extract, devoid of alcohol and composed(More)
Resveratrol has both apoptosis and autophagy-promoting activities in different cancer cells. Dihydroceramide is the immediate precursor of the apoptotic mediator ceramide in the de novo sphingolipid synthesis pathway. Here we demonstrate that resveratrol induces autophagy in HGC-27 cells, with no sign of cell death. Autophagy occurs after an increase in(More)
Sphingolipids are a wide family of lipids that share common sphingoid backbones, including (2S,3R)-2-amino-4-octadecane-1,3-diol (dihydrosphingosine) and (2S,3R,4E)-2-amino-4-octadecene-1,3-diol (sphingosine). The metabolism and biological functions of sphingolipids derived from sphingosine have been the subject of many reviews. In contrast,(More)
Sphingosine kinase inhibitor (SKI) II has been reported as a dual inhibitor of sphingosine kinases (SKs) 1 and 2 and has been extensively used to prove the involvement of SKs and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) in cellular processes. Dihydroceramide desaturase (Des1), the last enzyme in the de novo synthesis of ceramide (Cer), regulates the balance between(More)
The lateral organization of lipids in cell membranes is thought to regulate numerous cell processes. Most studies focus on the coexistence of two fluid phases, the liquid crystalline (l(d)) and the liquid-ordered (l(o)); the putative presence of gel domains (s(o)) is not usually taken into account. We show that in phospholipid:sphingolipid:cholesterol(More)
Simple bioactive sphingolipids include ceramide, sphingosine and their phosphorylated forms sphingosine 1-phosphate and ceramide 1-phosphate. These molecules are crucial regulators of cell functions. In particular, they play important roles in the regulation of angiogenesis, apoptosis, cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, and inflammation.(More)