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Behavioural experience (e.g. chronic stress, environmental enrichment) can have long-lasting effects on cognitive functions. Because activity-dependent persistent changes in synaptic strength are believed to mediate memory processes in brain areas such as hippocampus, we tested whether behaviour has also long-lasting effects on synaptic plasticity by(More)
In contrast to the well-documented acute effects on behavioural sensitivity, chronic effects that persist for weeks or even months after the cessation of the stressor received relatively little attention. This study aimed at the long-term effects of a severe stressor, i.e. social defeat followed by individual housing. Defeated and subsequently individually(More)
In the present study, we investigated whether synaptic plasticity changes in the hippocampus of depressive-like socially stressed rats could be reversed by chronic antidepressant treatment. To that end, rats were either defeated and subsequently individually housed or subjected to control treatment followed by social housing. After a period of at least 3(More)
RATIONALE Previous observations revealed that defeated and subsequently individually housed rats do not display behavioral anticipatory responses to the conditioned presentation of a bell/light stimulus associated with free access to a 5% sucrose solution reward. The absence of the appetitive responses suggests a decreased sensitivity to reward. This might(More)
In the present study, the consequences of individual rearing during the play period on adult responses to aggression were investigated in a complex social setting. In a group of either socially or individually reared rats, an aggressor was repeatedly introduced. Separate control groups of individually and socially reared rats were not exposed to an(More)
1. In accord with previous studies intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injections of ACTH1-24 (1 microg) induced a display of excessive grooming, and increased the plasma concentrations of ACTH and corticosterone. Pituitary-adrenal activation was blocked by pretreatment with dexamethasone, indicating that the effect of the (i.c.v.) injected peptide was not(More)
PURPOSE The objective of this investigation was to determine the influence of pre-treatment with the irreversible mu-opioid receptor antagonist beta-funaltrexamine (beta-FNA) on the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) relationship of alfentanil in rats. METHODS The PK/PD correlation of alfentanil (2 mg x kg(-1) intravenously in 20 min) was determined(More)
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