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Hypertension, which is characterized by multiple alterations in the structure and function of the cell membrane, is often associated with important metabolic abnormalities including those concerning lipid metabolism. Dyslipidemia accompanying essential hypertension consists of elevated plasma triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol, and increased levels of(More)
The attenuated nitric oxide (NO) formation and/or elevated production of reactive oxygen species are often found in experimental and human hypertension. We aimed to determine possible effects of N-acetylcysteine (1.5 g/kg/day) and N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine (melatonin, 10 mg/kg/day) in adult spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with established(More)
The imbalance between NO (nitric oxide) and ROS (reactive oxygen species) is an important factor in the development of hypertension. The aim of the present study was to determine the preventive and therapeutic effects of NAC (N-acetylcysteine) in SHRs (spontaneously hypertensive rats). Young and adult SHRs and WKY (Wistar-Kyoto) rats were treated with NAC(More)
OBJECTIVES The contribution of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) to blood pressure (BP) maintenance was evaluated in rats with N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) hypertension. Furthermore, we studied the extent of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis inhibition and the participation of remaining NO in the(More)
N(G)-Nitro-L-arginine-methyl ester (L-NAME)-induced hypertension is a well established model of experimental hypertension. Although regression experiments are effective at approximating a clinical setting the reversal of already established L-NAME hypertension has not been intensively researched. We investigated whether spontaneous regression of L-NAME(More)
In this review, we attempt to outline the age-dependent interactions of principal systems controlling the structure and function of the cardiovascular system in immature rats developing hypertension. We focus our attention on the cardiovascular effects of various pharmacological, nutritional, and behavioral interventions applied at different stages of(More)
OBJECTIVE The contribution of major vasoactive systems (renin-angiotensin system, sympathetic nervous system and nitric oxide) to blood pressure maintenance and the possible involvement of superoxide anions in the reduced efficiency of nitric oxide (NO)-dependent vasodilation to counterbalance sympathetic vasoconstriction were studied in salt-hypertensive(More)
Distinct changes of membrane lipid content could contribute to the abnormalities of ion transport that take part in the development of salt hypertension in Dahl rats. The relationships between lipid content and particular ion transport systems were studied in red blood cells (RBC) of Dahl rats kept on low- and high-salt diets for 5 weeks since weaning. Dahl(More)
OBJECTIVE We have demonstrated earlier that the nitric oxide (NO) system is not able to counterbalance effectively the hyperactivity of the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) in salt hypertension of young Dahl rats in which augmented superoxide anion formation lowers NO bioavailability. The aim of the present study was to determine whether SNS hyperactivity(More)
Increased systemic vascular resistance is responsible for blood pressure (BP) elevation in most forms of human or experimental hypertension. The enhanced contractility of structurally remodeled resistance arterioles is mediated by enhanced calcium entry (through L type voltage-dependent calcium channels - L-VDCC) and/or augmented calcium sensitization(More)