Josef Zicha

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Anesthetics can either promote or inhibit the development of neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) after central nervous system (CNS) injury. The influence of isoflurane was examined in male Wistar rats using 1.5%, 2%, 2.5%, 3%, 4%, or 5% isoflurane in air. Epidural balloon compression of the thoracic spinal cord was performed. The development of NPE was(More)
Neurogenic pulmonary edema is a life-threatening complication, known for almost 100 years, but its etiopathogenesis is still not completely understood. This review summarizes current knowledge about the etiology and pathophysiology of neurogenic pulmonary edema. The roles of systemic sympathetic discharge, central nervous system trigger zones, intracranial(More)
The imbalance between nitric oxide (NO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production appears to be a common feature of experimental and human hypertension. Previously, different antioxidants and/or scavengers of oxygen free radicals were shown to activate nitric oxide synthase (NO synthase, NOS) and to increase the expression of both endothelial and(More)
The goal of our study was to determine a contribution of nNOS to the increase of brain NO synthase activity induced by chronic N-acetylcysteine (NAC) treatment. Young 4-week-old male Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were subjected to treatment with NAC (1.5 g/kg/day) for 8 weeks. At the end of experiment total NOS activity(More)
Obesity is a risk factor that worsens cardiovascular events leading to higher morbidity and mortality. However, the exact mechanisms of relation between obesity and cardiovascular events are unclear. Nevertheless, it has been demonstrated that pharmacological therapy for obesity has great potential to improve some cardiovascular problems. Therefore, it is(More)
Both brain and peripheral nitric oxide (NO) play a role in the control of blood pressure and circulatory homeostasis. Central NO production seems to counteract angiotensin II-induced enhancement of sympathetic tone. The aim of our study was to evaluate NO synthase (NOS) activity and protein expression of its three isoforms--neuronal (nNOS), endothelial NOS(More)
Activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) by increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) might induce transcription and expression of different antioxidant enzymes and also of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms. Thus, we aimed at studying the effect of NF-κB inhibition, caused by JSH-23 (4-methyl-N (1)-(3-phenyl-propyl)-benzene-1,2-diamine)(More)
Neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) is a life-threatening complication of central nervous system (CNS) injuries. This review summarizes current knowledge about NPE etiology and pathophysiology with an emphasis on its experimental models, including our spinal cord compression model. NPE may develop as a result of activation of specific CNS trigger zones located(More)
at the age of 90 years. He became famous for his concept of critical developmental periods, suggesting that some abnormalities seen in adulthood might be the late consequences of early interventions applied in particular critical developmental periods. The primary focus of his research was the regulation of water and electrolyte metabolism in developing(More)
The activation of Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) channels during norepinephrine-induced contraction of vascular smooth muscle was suggested to depolarize cell membrane and to increase Ca(2+) entry. Hypertension and ageing are associated with altered Ca(2+) handling including possible activation of Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) channels. Our study was aimed to determine(More)