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Hypertension, which is characterized by multiple alterations in the structure and function of the cell membrane, is often associated with important metabolic abnormalities including those concerning lipid metabolism. Dyslipidemia accompanying essential hypertension consists of elevated plasma triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol, and increased levels of(More)
OBJECTIVES The contribution of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) to blood pressure (BP) maintenance was evaluated in rats with N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) hypertension. Furthermore, we studied the extent of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis inhibition and the participation of remaining NO in the(More)
The attenuated nitric oxide (NO) formation and/or elevated production of reactive oxygen species are often found in experimental and human hypertension. We aimed to determine possible effects of N-acetylcysteine (1.5 g/kg/day) and N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine (melatonin, 10 mg/kg/day) in adult spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with established(More)
Anesthetics can either promote or inhibit the development of neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) after central nervous system (CNS) injury. The influence of isoflurane was examined in male Wistar rats using 1.5%, 2%, 2.5%, 3%, 4%, or 5% isoflurane in air. Epidural balloon compression of the thoracic spinal cord was performed. The development of NPE was(More)
This review summarizes our findings concerning the altered balance of vasoactive systems (namely sympathetic nervous system and nitric oxide) in various forms of experimental hypertension--genetic hypertension (SHR, HTG rats), salt hypertension (Dahl rats) and NO-deficient hypertension (L-NAME-treated rats). An attempt is made to define relative NO(More)
OBJECTIVE The contribution of major vasoactive systems (renin-angiotensin system, sympathetic nervous system and nitric oxide) to blood pressure maintenance and the possible involvement of superoxide anions in the reduced efficiency of nitric oxide (NO)-dependent vasodilation to counterbalance sympathetic vasoconstriction were studied in salt-hypertensive(More)
Essential hypertension is a multifactorial disorder which belongs to the main risk factors responsible for renal and cardiovascular complications. This review is focused on the experimental research of neural and vascular mechanisms involved in the high blood pressure control. The attention is paid to the abnormalities in the regulation of sympathetic(More)
Distinct changes of membrane lipid content could contribute to the abnormalities of ion transport that take part in the development of salt hypertension in Dahl rats. The relationships between lipid content and particular ion transport systems were studied in red blood cells (RBC) of Dahl rats kept on low- and high-salt diets for 5 weeks since weaning. Dahl(More)
Increased blood pressure (BP) in genetic hypertension is usually caused by high activity of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) which is enhanced by central angiotensin II but lowered by central nitric oxide (NO). We have therefore evaluated NO synthase (NOS) activity as well as neuronal NOS (nNOS), inducible NOS (iNOS) and endothelial NOS (eNOS) protein(More)