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OBJECTIVES The contribution of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) to blood pressure (BP) maintenance was evaluated in rats with N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) hypertension. Furthermore, we studied the extent of nitric oxide (NO) synthesis inhibition and the participation of remaining NO in the(More)
Hypertension, which is characterized by multiple alterations in the structure and function of the cell membrane, is often associated with important metabolic abnormalities including those concerning lipid metabolism. Dyslipidemia accompanying essential hypertension consists of elevated plasma triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol, and increased levels of(More)
Essential hypertension is a multifactorial disorder which belongs to the main risk factors responsible for renal and cardiovascular complications. This review is focused on the experimental research of neural and vascular mechanisms involved in the high blood pressure control. The attention is paid to the abnormalities in the regulation of sympathetic(More)
Increased blood pressure (BP) in genetic hypertension is usually caused by high activity of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) which is enhanced by central angiotensin II but lowered by central nitric oxide (NO). We have therefore evaluated NO synthase (NOS) activity as well as neuronal NOS (nNOS), inducible NOS (iNOS) and endothelial NOS (eNOS) protein(More)
AIM Increased potassium intake attenuates the development of salt-dependent hypertension, but the detailed mechanisms of blood pressure (BP) reduction are still unclear. The aims of our study were (i) to elucidate these mechanisms, (ii) to compare preventive potassium effects in immature and adult animals and (iii) to evaluate the therapeutic effects of(More)
Anesthetics can either promote or inhibit the development of neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE) after central nervous system (CNS) injury. The influence of isoflurane was examined in male Wistar rats using 1.5%, 2%, 2.5%, 3%, 4%, or 5% isoflurane in air. Epidural balloon compression of the thoracic spinal cord was performed. The development of NPE was(More)
This review summarizes our findings concerning the altered balance of vasoactive systems (namely sympathetic nervous system and nitric oxide) in various forms of experimental hypertension--genetic hypertension (SHR, HTG rats), salt hypertension (Dahl rats) and NO-deficient hypertension (L-NAME-treated rats). An attempt is made to define relative NO(More)
Hypertension due to chronic inhibition of NO synthase (NOS) by Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) administration is characterized by both impaired NO-dependent vasodilation and enhanced sympathetic vasoconstriction. The aim of our study was to evaluate changes in the participation of major vasoactive systems in L-NAME-treated rats which were(More)
Essential hypertension is a major risk factor for several cardiovascular diseases. It is a complex trait resulting from the interactions of multiple genetic and environmental factors. Moreover, not only genetic but also epigenetic inheritance plays a significant role. One can speculate that hypertension develops as a consequence of "errors" in(More)
In this review, we attempt to outline the age-dependent interactions of principal systems controlling the structure and function of the cardiovascular system in immature rats developing hypertension. We focus our attention on the cardiovascular effects of various pharmacological, nutritional, and behavioral interventions applied at different stages of(More)