Josef Winter

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The wet organic fraction of household wastes was digested anaerobically at 37 °C and 55 °C. At both temperatures the volatile solids loading was increased from 1 g l−1 day−1 to 9.65 g l−1 day−1, by reducing the nominal hydraulic retention time from 93 days to 19 days. The volatile solids removal in the reactors at both temperatures for the same loading(More)
A gram-negative bacterium was isolated from activated sewage sludge with thiophene-2-carboxylate as the sole source of carbon and with nitrate as an electron acceptor. The isolate, strain NKK, was a motile, oxidase- and catalase-positive, rod-like bacterium with a G+C content of 61.7 mol%. Besides nitrate, oxygen could serve as a terminal electron acceptor.(More)
Chitin was purified from Penaeus monodon and Crangon crangon shells using a two-stage fermentation process with anaerobic deproteination followed by decalcification through homofermentative lactic acid fermentation. Deproteinating enrichment cultures from sewage sludge and ground meat (GM) were used with a proteolytic activity of 59 and 61 mg N l−1 h−1 with(More)
An anaerobic fixed bed reactor (AFBR) was run for 550 days with a mixed microbial flora to stabilize synthetic wastewater that contained glucose and phenol as main carbon sources. The influent phenol concentration was gradually increased from 2 to 40 mmol/l within 221 days. The microbial flora was able to adapt to this high phenol concentration with an(More)
BACKGROUND Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element, but is toxic at high concentrations. Depending upon the geological background, the land use or on anthropogenic pollution, different amounts of Se may be present in soil. Its toxicity is related to the oxyanions selenate and selenite as they are water soluble and bioavailable. Microorganisms play an(More)
The influence of ammonia on the anaerobic degradation of peptone by mesophilic and thermophilic populations of biowaste was investigated. For peptone concentrations from 5 g l−1 to 20 g l−1 the mesophilic population revealed a higher rate of deamination than the thermophilic population, e.g. 552 mg l−1 day−1 compared to 320 mg l−1 day−1 at 10 g l−1 peptone.(More)
A whey solution was used as a substrate for methane production in an anaerobic fixed-bed reactor. At a hydraulic retention time of 10 days, equivalent to a space loading of 3.3 kg (m3 day)−1, 90% of the chemical oxygen demand was converted to biogas. Only a little propionate remained in the effluent. Toxicity tests with either copper chloride, zinc chloride(More)
Soil and groundwater samples were collected for bulk elemental analyses in particular for selenium (Se) concentrations from six agricultural sites located in states of Punjab and Haryana in North-West India. Toxic concentrations of Se (45-341 μg L(-1)) were present in groundwater (76 m deep) of Jainpur and Barwa villages in Punjab. Selenium enrichments were(More)
During cassava starch production, large amounts of cyanoglycosides were released and hydrolysed by plant-borne enzymes, leading to cyanide concentrations in the wastewater as high as 200 mg/l. For anaerobic degradation of the cyanide during pre-acidification or single-step methane fermentation, anaerobic cultures were enriched from soil residues of cassava(More)
A fixed film loop reactor was developed for the stabilization of undiluted sour whey. Porous clay beads were used to immobilize the population. The fermentation system was self-supporting with the aid of a pH-titrator. Within 2 months; the loading increased automatically to its maximum of 14 kg COD (chemical oxygen demand)/m3 per day. Parallel to this, the(More)