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A hop-specific cDNA library from glandular tissue-enriched hop cones was screened for Myb transcription factors. cDNA encoding for R2R3 Myb, designated HlMyb3, was cloned and characterized. According to the amino acid (aa) sequence, HlMyb3 shows the highest homology to GhMyb5 from cotton and is unrelated to the previously characterized HlMyb1 from the hop.(More)
Screening of a cDNA library of the hop cv. Osvald's 72 and genomic cloning were used to isolate members of an oligofamily of chs_H1 genes that codetermine the biosynthesis of prenylated chalcones known to be valuable medicinal compounds present in hop (Humulus lupulus L.). chs_H1 oligofamily members showed more than 99% and 98% identity on nucleotide and(More)
The concentrations of prenylated chalcones and bitter acids were analyzed in Czech hop varieties. The highest levels of (xanthohumol + desmethylxanthohumol) (0.97%, m/m) and of total bitter acids (17.19%, m/m) were observed for cv. Agnus. The concentration ratios of bitter acids to prenylated chalcones varied depending on the genotype, thereby suggesting(More)
Thermal stress of PSTVd-infected Nicotiana benthamiana led to appearance of a broad PSTVd sequence distribution, where most of mutations accumulated in the left half of the viroid's secondary structure including the "pathogenicity" domain. A similar effect had been reported for hop latent viroid [Virology 287 (2001) 349]. The pool of viroid "thermomutants"(More)
Hop latent viroid (HLVd) is not transmissible through hop generative tissues and seeds. Here we describe the process of HLVd elimination during development of hop pollen. HLVd propagates in uninucleate hop pollen, but is eliminated at stages following first pollen mitosis during pollen vacuolization and maturation. Only traces of HLVd were detected by(More)
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