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Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is the most common inherited neuropathy in humans and has been associated with a partial duplication of chromosome 17 (CMT type 1A). We have generated a transgenic rat model of this disease and provide experimental evidence that CMT1A is caused by increased expression of the gene for peripheral myelin protein-22 (PMP22,(More)
An intrachromosomal duplication containing the PMP22 gene is associated with the human hereditary peripheral neuropathy Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A, and PMP22 overexpression as a consequence of increased PMP22 gene dosage has been suggested as causative event in this frequent disorder of peripheral nerves. We have generated transgenic mice that(More)
Chronic inflammation is a secondary reaction of Duchenne muscular dystrophy and may contribute to disease progression. To examine whether immunosuppressant therapies could benefit dystrophic patients, we analyzed the effects of cyclosporine A (CsA) on a dystrophic mouse model. Mdx mice were treated with 10 mg/kg of CsA for 4 to 8 weeks throughout a period(More)
We generated mice, null mutant in the adhesion molecule on glia (AMOG), the beta 2 subunit of the murine Na,K-ATPase gene. These mice exhibit motor incoordination at 15 d of age, subsequently tremor and paralysis of extremities, and die at 17-18 d after birth. At these ages, the mutants have enlarged ventricles, degenerating photoreceptor cells, and(More)
We have previously shown that the neural adhesion molecules L1 and NCAM interact with each other to form a complex which binds more avidly to L1 than L1 to L1 alone (Kadmon, G., A. Kowitz, P. Altevogt, and M. Schachner. 1990a. J. Cell Biol. 110:193-208). This cis-association between L1 and NCAM is carbohydrate-dependent (Kadmon, G., A. Kowitz, P. Altevogt,(More)
Myelin and lymphocyte protein (MAL) is a putative tetraspan proteolipid that is highly expressed by Schwann cells and oligodendrocytes as a component of compact myelin. Outside of the nervous system, MAL is found in apical membranes of epithelial cells, mainly in the kidney and stomach. Because MAL is associated with glycosphingolipids, it is thought to be(More)
An increasing number of four-transmembrane proteins has been found to be associated with CNS and PNS myelin. Some of these proteins play crucial roles in the development and maintenance of the nervous system. In the CNS, proteolipid protein (PLP) is mutated in the myelin disorder Pelizaeus-Merzbacher disease and in spastic paraplegia, while in the PNS,(More)
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a severe X-linked hereditary disease caused by the absence of functional dystrophin. The dystrophin-deficient mdx-mouse strain is a widely used animal model for dystrophin-deficiency. Several therapeutic approaches for muscular dystrophy have been proposed by different laboratories. In order to compare the efficacy of these(More)
A partial duplication of chromosome 17 is associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A), a demyelinating peripheral neuropathy that causes progressive distal muscle atrophy and sensory impairment. Trisomic expression of peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22) whose gene is contained within the duplicated region is considered to be responsible for(More)