Josef P. Clark

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Piwi proteins and Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) repress transposable elements (TEs) from mobilizing in gonadal cells. To determine the spectrum of piRNA-regulated targets that may extend beyond TEs, we conducted a genome-wide survey for transcripts associated with PIWI and for transcripts affected by PIWI knockdown in Drosophila ovarian somatic sheet (OSS)(More)
Although Piwi proteins and Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) genetically repress transposable elements (TEs), it is unclear how the highly diverse piRNA populations direct Piwi proteins to silence TE targets without silencing the entire transcriptome. To determine the capacity of piRNA-mediated silencing, we introduced reporter genes into Drosophila OSS cells,(More)
Light information reaches the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) through a subpopulation of retinal ganglion cells. Previous work raised the possibility that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its high-affinity tropomyosin-related receptor kinase may be important as modulators of this excitatory input into the SCN. In order to test this possibility, we(More)
1. Membrane potential was recorded intracellularly by micro-electrode in separated longitudinal muscle of guinea-pig ileum. Electrotonic potentials were evoked in longitudinal strips by passing current between large external electrodes in the partition chamber.2. Histamine increased the frequency of action potential discharge at low concentrations and(More)
Animal germ cells are totipotent because they maintain a highly unique and specialized epigenetic state for its genome. To accomplish this, germ cells express a rich repertoire of specialized RNA-binding protein complexes such as the Piwi proteins and Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs): a germ-cell branch of the RNA interference (RNAi) phenomenon which includes(More)
Using an ethnomedical-based drug discovery program, two previously unknown compounds (SP-18904 and SP-18905) from Pycnanthus angolensis were isolated that lower glucose concentrations in mouse models of type 2 diabetes. SP-18904 and SP-18905 are terpenoid-type quinones that significantly lowered plasma glucose concentration (p <.05) when given orally to(More)
1 Depolarizations were recorded intracellularly in smooth muscle from the taenia of the guinea-pig caecum in response to the iontophoretic application of acetylcholine, carbachol, oxotremorine-M, methylfurmethide, hexyl trimethylammonium and tetramethylammonium (TMA). 2 No differences between the iontophoretic responses to agonists stable to cholinesterase(More)
Adipose tissue expansion has been associated with system-wide metabolic dysfunction and increased vulnerability to diabetes, cancer, and cardiovascular disease. A reduction in adiposity is a hallmark of caloric restriction (CR), an intervention that extends longevity and delays the onset of these same age-related conditions. Despite these parallels, the(More)
1. Shortening and rate of loss of (42)K were studied in strips of longitudinal muscle taken from guinea-pig ileum.2. Carbachol, histamine and raising the external potassium concentration, [K(+)](o), to 120 mm in the presence of atropine caused equal maximal shortenings of the muscle, but unequal maximal increases in (42)K efflux: maximal (42)K effluxes(More)
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