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The purpose of this study was to investigate the fMRI response of the sensorimotor cortex to a vibration paradigm produced by a novel vibrotactile stimulator. Fifteen contiguous slices covering the sensorimotor cortex parallel to the anterior (AC) and posterior commissure (PC) line were obtained with echoplanar magnetic resonance imaging at 1.5T. Cortical(More)
The aim of the study was to implement a vibrotactile stimulator using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). A fMRI compatible vibration device consisting of a pneumatically driven dual membrane pump was developed. Brain activation during 50 Hz vibrotactile stimulation of the right hand-palm were compared to a right 2 Hz finger-to-thumb-tapping in(More)
Mild cognitive impairment has frequently been reported for patients in the early stages of multiple sclerosis. The aim of the present study was to measure whether altered cortical activation during a sustained attention task occurs along with limited extent of neuropsychological problems. Expanded brain activation of multiple sclerosis patients with normal(More)
The test-retest reliability of activation patterns elicited by encoding and recognition of word-pair associates within the whole brain and a predefined medial temporal region of interest (ROI) was investigated. Twenty healthy right-handed subjects were studied within two sessions, either on the same day or 210-308 days later. Three quantitative measures of(More)
This article provides an overview of recent research on human planning and problem solving. As an introduction, these two cognitive domains will be described and discussed from the perspective of experimental and cognitive psychology. The following sections will focus on the role of the prefrontal cortex in planning and problem solving and on disorders of(More)
A large body of studies demonstrates mild cognitive dysfunction in patients with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Few trials have investigated whether this dysfunction can be improved by treatment. Thirty unmedicated inpatients with OCD were administered a comprehensive neuropsychological test battery before and after 12 weeks of cognitive behavioral(More)
Despite the large number of behavioral and functional neuroimaging studies employing the Tower of London (ToL), the task's structural parameters and particularly their impact on planning have not been addressed so far. In this paper, we highlight the structural properties of ToL problems and provide evidence for their systematic and substantial effects on(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on procedural and declarative memory encoding in the evening prior to sleep, on memory consolidation during subsequent sleep, and on retrieval in the morning after sleep. METHODS Memory performance (procedural mirror-tracing task, declarative visual and verbal(More)
It is well established that the mid-dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) plays a critical role in planning. Neuroimaging studies have yielded predominantly bilateral dlPFC activations, but the existence and nature of functionally specific contributions of left and right dlPFC have remained elusive. In recent experiments, 2 independent parameters have been(More)
The Tower of London (ToL) test is widely used for measuring planning and aspects of problem solving. The primary focus of this study was to asses the relationship among different measures on the ToL. A secondary purpose was to examine the putative relationship between intelligence and working memory with that of ToL performance. Analyses of the(More)