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OBJECT Whether decompressive hemicraniectomy is an appropriate treatment for space-occupying middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction is still a controversial issue. Previous studies are in agreement on a reduction of the mortality rate, but the reported functional outcome was highly variable. The authors sought to determine functional impairment,(More)
Occurrence, width and course of the radicular arteries and veins between the occiput and L3 level of the spinal cord were described. The diameter of the anterior spinal, posterior spinal, and posterolateral arteries, was also measured on the segments C2 to C6 and T2 to T10, and L2. Likewise the anterior and posterior spinal veins and the anterolateral and(More)
PURPOSE There is growing evidence that S-100B protein may be used as a novel biochemical marker of brain cell damage, measured by a simple blood test. In this paper, we summarize the current knowledge about S-100B serum measurements in severe head injury and address actual controversies. METHODS The material of the present analysis consists of a MEDLINE(More)
There is growing evidence that S-100B protein measured by a simple blood test can be used as a novel biochemical marker of brain cell damage. The objective of our study was to investigate the potential of S-100B measurements to diagnose an acute neurological complication in the analgo-sedated and intubated intensive care patient and the impact on patient(More)
Length, diameter and anastomoses of the nervus vagus and its ganglion inferius were measured 44 halved heads. On the average, 8.65 fiber bundles of the vagus nerve leave the retro-olivary area. In the area of the jugular foramen is the near superior ganglion of the 10th cranial nerve. In this area were found 1.48 (mean value) anastomoses with the 9th(More)
The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare patterns of vertebral fractures and luxations in 42 cats and 47 dogs, and to evaluate the impact of species-related differences on clinical outcome. Data regarding aetiology, neurological status, radiographic appearance and follow-up were compared between the groups. The thoracolumbar (Th3-L3) area was(More)
In the newborn the Canalis (Foramen) rotundus is about 2.5 mm and in 15-til 17-year-old about 3 mm in length. The Apertura interna postnatal develops in width from 2.06 to 3.50 mm and in height from 1.8 to 2.73 mm. From the median sagittal plane the medial rim of the Apertura interna is distant about 11.0 mm in newborns and in adults 16.47 mm on the right(More)
The olfactory bulb has a length of 12.27 mm whereas the length of the olfactory tract from the beginning to where it crosses the optic nerve is 21.2 mm (mean). The intracranial portion of the optic nerve is 10.3 mm long. From the brain stem to its dural exit the III nerve measures 18.82 mm, and the IV nerve 32.65 mm. The range of variation in the lengths of(More)