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BACKGROUND Intratracheal pressure (Ptrach) should be the basis for analysis of lung mechanics. If measured at all, Ptrach is usually assessed by introducing a catheter into the trachea via the lumen of the endotracheal tube (ETT). The authors propose a computer-assisted method for calculating Ptrach on a point-by-point basis by subtracting the(More)
The considerable additional ventilatory work needed to overcome the resistance of the endotracheal tube (ETT) is flow-dependent. In spontaneously breathing intubated patients this additional ventilatory work is therefore dependent on the flow pattern and cannot be adequately compensated for by support with a constant pressure. We propose a method to fully(More)
BACKGROUND Automatic tube compensation (ATC) is a new option to compensate for the pressure drop across the endotracheal or tracheostomy tube (ETT), especially during ventilator-assisted spontaneous breathing. While several benefits of this mode have so far been documented, ATC has not yet been used to predict whether the ETT could be safely removed at the(More)
At present, most methods of lung mechanics analysis do not take nonlinearities of compliance and resistance into account. Nevertheless, nonlinearity of compliance is an inherent property of the respiratory system in ARDS and nonlinearity of resistance is an inherent property of the endotracheal tube. Herein we describe a computer-assisted multipoint method(More)
Since the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) lung is known to be inhomogeneous, one could expect an uneven distribution of expiratory time constant during uninterrupted mechanical ventilation. We investigated the time constant/volume relationship of passive expiration, and their modification by external resistive elements. In 12 paralysed intubated(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the pressure-flow relationship of pediatric endotracheal tubes (ETTs) in trachea models, to mathematically describe this relationship, and to evaluate in trachea/lung models a method for calculation of pressure at the distal end of the ETT (Ptrach) by subtracting the flow-dependent pressure drop across the ETT from the airway pressure(More)
Automatic tube compensation (ATC) is a new option to compensate for the non-linearly flow-dependent pressure drop across an endotracheal or tracheostomy tube (ETT) during inspiration and expiration. ATC is based on a closed-loop working principle. ATC is not a true ventilatory mode but rather a new option which can be combined with all conventional(More)
In patients mechanically ventilated for severe respiratory failure, respiratory system mechanics are non-linear, i.e., volume-dependent. We present a new computer-based multipoint method for simultaneously determining volume-dependent dynamic compliance and resistance. Our method is based on continuously determined tracheal pressure (Ptrach). Tidal volume(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory muscle function and lung and chest wall mechanics are reliably assessed by esophageal and gastric balloon catheters. The aim of this in vitro bench study was to assess the mechanical properties of commercially available balloon catheters using an experimental model with 3 defined compliances (27, 54, 90 mL/cm H2O). METHODS Six(More)
To evaluate the plausibility, stability, and interindividual comparability of the global inhomogeneity index (GI) based on electrical impedance tomography (EIT). The lung area in an EIT image was identified by using the lung area estimation method, which mirrors the lung regions in the functional EIT image and subsequently subtracts the cardiac-related(More)