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BACKGROUND Automatic tube compensation (ATC) is a new option to compensate for the pressure drop across the endotracheal or tracheostomy tube (ETT), especially during ventilator-assisted spontaneous breathing. While several benefits of this mode have so far been documented, ATC has not yet been used to predict whether the ETT could be safely removed at the(More)
Repetitive occurrence of partial or total upper airway obstruction characterizes several respiratory dysfunctions such as the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). In OSAS patients, pharyngeal collapses are linked to a decrease in upper airway muscle activity during sleep which causes decreased upper airway wall stiffness. Continuous positive airway(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the plausibility, stability, and interindividual comparability of the global inhomogeneity index (GI) based on electrical impedance tomography (EIT). METHODS The lung area in an EIT image was identified by using the lung area estimation method, which mirrors the lung regions in the functional EIT image and subsequently subtracts the(More)
BACKGROUND Lung-protective mechanical ventilation during general surgery including the application of PEEP can reduce postoperative pulmonary complications. In a prospective clinical observation study, we evaluated volume-dependent respiratory system compliance in adult patients undergoing ear-nose-throat surgery with ventilation settings chosen empirically(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure the pressure-flow relationship of pediatric endotracheal tubes (ETTs) in trachea models, to mathematically describe this relationship, and to evaluate in trachea/lung models a method for calculation of pressure at the distal end of the ETT (Ptrach) by subtracting the flow-dependent pressure drop across the ETT from the airway pressure(More)
Inhaled nitric oxide lowers pulmonary capillary pressure (PCP) in animals and in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). A dose-response relationship in patients with ARDS has not yet been established. Therefore, we studied the effects of four concentrations of nitric oxide (1, 10, 20 and 40 volumes per million (vpm)) in random order, on(More)
The forced oscillation technique (FOT) is a non-invasive method which may be suitable for assessing upper airway obstruction in obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAS) patients. The aim of this study was to determine in vitro if FOT can provide an early detection index of total or partial upper airway occlusion. A respiratory system analog was(More)
INTRODUCTION Lung protective ventilation requires low tidal volume and suitable positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP). To date, few methods have been accepted for clinical use to set the appropriate PEEP. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of PEEP titration guided by ventilation homogeneity using the global inhomogeneity (GI) index based on(More)
Rifampicin produces a dose-dependent decrease in protein synthesis in rat thymocytes. At concentrations up to 200 micrograms per milliliter, rifampicin does not alter rat thymic transcription. Rifampicin causes a direct inhibition of protein synthesis in rat thymic and hepatic microsomes, and in cadaveric human hepatic microsomes. Protein synthesis(More)
OBJECTIVE We designed a new ventilatory mode to support spontaneously breathing, intubated patients and to improve weaning from mechanical ventilation. This mode, named Automatic Tube Compensation (ATC), compensates for the flow-dependent pressure drop across the endotracheal tube (ETT) and controls tracheal pressure to a constant value. In this study, we(More)