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Excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) were recorded extracellularly from large muscle fibers by means of ‘patch clamp’ electrodes. Compared to usual extracellular recordings, better signal/noise ratio and temporal stability were achieved. In the range of extracellular calcium concentrations [Ca]0 between 2.7 and 13.5 mmol/l (normal), the average(More)
We studied the kinetics of the unedited version of rat GluR6 glutamate (glu) receptor channels, GluR6Q, in outside-out patches using a system for submillisecond solution exchange. Half-maximum activation of the channels was reached with approximately 0.5 microM glu. The maximum slope of the double-logarithmic plot of the peak current versus glu was(More)
A liquid filament switch is described which can exchange the solution passing an excised outside-out patch of postsynaptic membrane within less than 1 ms. Application and washout of transmitter can be repeated at high rates. Results of such rapid activations by glutamate are shown for the excitatory and the inhibitory channel of crayfish muscle. The(More)
In outside-out patches of mouse-muscle membrane, embryonic-like channels were activated by pulses of acetylcholine (ACh). On increasing the ACh concentration, the rate of desensitization, 1/tau d, increased linearly with the peak open probability, indicating desensitization from the open state. Desensitization had only one time constant tau d at each ACh(More)
Completely desensitizing excitatory channels were activated in outside-out patches of crayfish muscle membrane by applying glutamate pulses with switching times of approximately 0.2 ms for concentration changes. Channels were almost completely activated with 10 mM glutamate. Maximum activation was reached within 0.4 ms with greater than or equal to 1 mM(More)
The patch-clamp technique was used to study the effect of rapid pulses of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) on excised membrane-patches in the outside-out configuration of the deep extensor abdominal muscle (DEAM) of crayfish. Channel currents reversed at the equilibrium potential of Cl- and were blocked by picrotoxin. Rare channel openings were elicited by(More)
Small crayfish muscle fibres were voltage clamped and synaptic current elicited by superfused GABA solutions was measured. Analysis of the fluctuations of synaptic current and of relaxations of the current after voltage steps yielded analogous results. The current has two components. The first component is characterized by the opening of synaptic channels(More)
Desensitization kinetics of rat recombinant typeA GABAergic receptors consisting of the subunits alpha1beta2gamma2S or alpha1beta2 was investigated on application of 10-0.001 mM GABA to whole cell patches using a piezo driven liquid filament switch for fast application and deapplication. At high GABA concentrations desensitization was triphasic showing(More)
Release and facilitated release of transmitter at neuromuscular junctions of the crayfish Astacus were measured as a function of [Ca]0 at single junctions using a patch clamp technique. Tests were made of a quantitative model that relates release of transmitter to [Ca]i. The model assumes three processes, entry of Ca during the action potential, release of(More)